::IPA for French


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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents French pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

English approximations are in some cases very rough, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See French phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds. For information on how to convert spelling to pronunciation, see French orthography.

French has no word-level stress, so stress marks should not be used in transcribing French words. See here for explanation.

IPA Examples English approximation
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] bon about
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] deux, grande today
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] faire, vif festival
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɡ]] garçon, longue again
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] corps, avec sky
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] laisser, possible, seul loo
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] même moo
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] nous, bonne no
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɲ]] gagner, champagne roughly like canyon
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] père, groupe spy
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ʁ]] regarder, nôtre<ref>The French rhotic /ʁ/ is usually uvular, but it varies by region. For example, in Québec both [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|r]]] and [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ʀ]]] are used, depending on region and age.</ref> roughly like loch (Scottish English)
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] sans, ça, assez sir
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ʃ]] chance shoe
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] tout, thé, grand-oncle sty
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] vous, wagon, neuf heures view
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] zéro, raison, chose zeal
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ʒ]] jamais, visage measure
Non-native consonants
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ʒ]] Djakarta, jazz, budget jam
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ŋ]] camping, bingo<ref>In European French, /[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ŋ]]/ is often pronounced [ŋɡ], whereas in Québec, it's merged with /ɲ/.</ref> camping
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ʃ]] Datcha, ciao, sandwich China
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] jota, khamsin<ref>Often replaced by [ʁ].</ref> loch (Scottish English)
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] fief, payer, fille, travail yet
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] oui, loi, moyen, web, whisky wet
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɥ]] huit, Puy like a simultaneous wet and yet
Vowels<ref>Nasal vowels are lengthened before any consonant, but oral vowels are lengthened before [v, ʁ, z, ʒ].</ref>
Oral vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] patte, là trap (modern RP and Northern English)
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɑ]] pâte, glas<ref name="merger">In Paris French, /œ̃/ is usually merged with /ɛ̃/, /ɑ/ with /a/, and /ɛː/ with /ɛ/. These pairs may be distinguished in Belgian, Swiss and Canadian French, and in France either regionally or among older speakers.</ref> bra
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] clé, les, chez, aller, pied, journée hey
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɛ]] faite, mettre, renne, crème, est, peine best
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɛː]] fête, mtre, mètre, reine, rtre, caisse, presse, Lemaistre, Lévesque<ref name="merger" /> red
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ə]] le, reposer, monsieur, faisons again (often elided, see e muet)
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] si, île, régie, y bee
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}œ]] sœur, jeune roughly like bird (RP)
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ø]] ceux, jner, queue roughly like bird
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] sot, haut, bureau go (Scottish and American English)
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɔ]] sort, minimum lot (RP/Australian)
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] coup, roue too
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] tu, sûr, rue too (Scottish and Australian English)
Nasal vowels
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɑ̃]] sans, champ, vent, temps, Jean, taon roughly like on (American English), nasalized [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɒ]]] or [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɑ]]]. rendez-vous
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɛ̃]] vin, impair, pain, daim, plein, Reims, synthèse, sympa, bien roughly like man (RP); nasalized [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|æ]]] or [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɛ]]]
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}œ̃]] un, parfum<ref name="merger" /> roughly like bun; nasalized [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|œ]]]
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɔ̃]] son, nom roughly like bone (American English); nasalized [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|o]]] or [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɔ]]]
IPA Example Explanation
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ˈ]] moyen [mwaˈjɛ̃]<ref>Stress falls on the last full syllable of a phrase, except in emphatic speech.</ref> phrasal stress
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}.]] pays [pe.i]<ref>The syllable break . is used sparingly.</ref> syllable boundary
les agneaux [lez‿aˈɲo] liaison<ref>In liaison, the latent final consonant is pronounced before a following vowel sound, but when doing so, s/x are voiced (become z), whereas d is unvoiced (becomes t).</ref>

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