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Austro-Hungarian soldiers executing men and women in Serbia, 1916.

Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck.<ref name=oed>Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed. Hanging as method of execution is unknown, as method of suicide from 1325.</ref> The Oxford English Dictionary states that hanging in this sense is "specifically to put to death by suspension by the neck", though it formerly also referred to crucifixion and death by impalement in which the body would remain "hanging". Hanging has been a common method of capital punishment since medieval times, and is the official execution method in numerous countries and regions. In this specialised meaning of the common word hang, the past and past participle is hanged<ref>Oxford English Dictionary (2015 update), OUP, Oxford,UK</ref> instead of hung.

Hanging is also a method of suicide in which a person applies a ligature to the neck and brings about unconsciousness and then death by suspension. Partial suspension or partial weight-bearing on the ligature is sometimes used, particularly in prisons, mental hospitals or other institutions, where full suspension support is difficult to devise, because high ligature points (e.g., hooks or pipes) have been removed.

Hanging sections
Intro  Methods of judicial hanging  As suicide  As human sacrifice  Medical effects  Notable references by country (political)  Inverted hanging, the \"Jewish\" punishment  Hanged by the ribs  Grammar  See also  References  External links  

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