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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} Khwāja Shams-ud-Dīn Muhammad Hāfez-e Shīrāzī (Persian: خواجه شمس‌‌الدین محمد حافظ شیرازی‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}‎), known by his pen name Hafez (حافظ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Hāfiz; 1325/26–1389/90),<ref></ref> was a Persian poet who "laud[ed] the joys of love and wine [but] also targeted religious hypocrisy".<ref name=darke/> His collected works are regarded as a pinnacle of Persian literature and are to be found in the homes of most people in Iran, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and sayings to this day. His life and poems have been the subject of much analysis, commentary and interpretation, influencing post-14th century Persian writing more than any other author.<ref>Yarshater. Accessed 25 July 2010.</ref><ref>Aga Khan III, "Hafiz and the Place of Iranian Culture in the World", November 9, 1936 London.</ref>

Themes of his ghazals are the beloved, faith, and exposing hypocrisy. His influence in the lives of Persian speakers can be found in "Hafez readings" (fāl-e hāfez, Persian: فال حافظ‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}‎) and the frequent use of his poems in Persian traditional music, visual art, and Persian calligraphy. His tomb is visited often. Adaptations, imitations and translations of Hafez' poems exist in all major languages.

Hafez sections
Intro  Life  Legends  Influence  Interpretation   Satire, religion, and a political commentary   See also  Notes  Sources  External links