::Guarani language


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Books in Guarani

Guarani ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}),<ref>Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh</ref> specifically the primary variety known as Paraguayan Guarani (endonym avañe'ẽ [aʋãɲẽˈʔẽ] 'the people's language'), is an indigenous language of South America that belongs to the Tupi–Guarani subfamily of the Tupian languages. It is one of the official languages of Paraguay (along with Spanish), where it is spoken by the majority of the population, and where half of the rural population is monolingual.<ref>Mortimer, K 2006 "Guaraní Académico or Jopará? Educator Perspectives and Ideological Debate in Paraguayan Bilingual Education" Working Papers in Educational Linguistics 21/2: 45-71, 2006</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> It is spoken by communities in neighboring countries, including parts of northeastern Argentina, southeastern Bolivia and southwestern Brazil, and is a second official language of the Argentine province of Corrientes since 2004;<ref>Website of Indigenous Peoples' Affairs which contains this information </ref> it is also an official language of Mercosur.<ref>Incorporación del Guaraní como Idioma del Mercosur MERCOSUR official page </ref>

Guarani is one of the most-widely spoken indigenous language of the Americas and the only one whose speakers include a large proportion of non-indigenous people. This is an anomaly in the Americas where language shift towards European colonial languages (in this case, the other official language of Spanish) has otherwise been a nearly universal cultural and identity marker of mestizos (people of mixed Spanish and Amerindian ancestry), and also of culturally assimilated, upwardly mobile Amerindian people.

Jesuit priest Antonio Ruiz de Montoya, who in 1639 published the first written grammar of Guarani in a book called Tesoro de la lengua guaraní ("Treasure of the Guarani Language"), described it as a language "so copious and elegant that it can compete with the most famous [of languages]."

The name "Guarani" is generally used for the official language of Paraguay. However, this is part of a dialect chain, most of whose components are also often called Guarani. See Guarani dialects.

Guarani language sections
Intro   History    Phonology    Grammar    Determiners    Spanish loans in Guarani    Guarani loans in English    Example text    Literature    Institutions    See also    Sources    External links   

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