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Hellenic Republic
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: «Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος»{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (traditional)
"Freedom or Death"
Anthem: «Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν»{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}
"Hymn to Liberty"
Location of  Greece{{#invoke:String
Location of  Greece{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark green)

– in Europe{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green & dark grey)
– in the European Union{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Athens
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:37|58|N|23|43|E|type:city||

| |name=

}}
Official language
and national language
Greek
Religion Eastern Orthodox (official)
Demonym {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
 -  President Prokopis Pavlopoulos
 -  Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras
 -  Speaker of the Parliament Nikos Voutsis
Legislature Hellenic Parliament
Formation
 -  Independence declared from the Ottoman Empire 25 March 1821 (traditional starting date of the Greek War of Independence), 15 January 1822 (official declaration in the First National Assembly at Epidaurus) 
 -  Recognized 3 February 1830 
 -  Current constitution 11 June 1975 
Area
 -  Total 131,957 km2<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (97th)
50,949 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.8669
Population
 -  2012 census 10,815,197<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (80th)
 -  Density 82<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>/km2 (120th)
212/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $285.297 billion<ref name="IMF GDP">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (51st)
 -  Per capita $25,954<ref name="IMF GDP" /> (44th)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $237.970 billion<ref name="IMF GDP" /> (44th)
 -  Per capita $21,648<ref name="IMF GDP" /> (38th)
Gini (2014)negative increase 34.5<ref name=eurogini>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.853<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
very high · 29th
Currency Euro () (EUR)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on the right
Calling code +30
ISO 3166 code GR
Internet TLD .gra
a. The .eu domain is also used, as in other European Union member states.

Greece ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} GREESS; Greek: Ελλάδα{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Elláda [eˈlaða]), officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía [eliniˈci ðimokraˈti.a]) and known since ancient times as Hellas ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Greek: Ελλάς{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Ellás), is a country located in southeastern Europe. According to the 2011 census, Greece's population is around 10.8 million. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki, which is commonly referred to as the co-capital.

Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north and Turkey to the northeast. Greece consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} in length, featuring a vast number of islands, of which 227 are inhabited. Eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}.

Greece has one of the longest histories of any country, tracing its roots to the civilization of Ancient Greece, which is considered the cradle of all Western civilization; its legacy includes democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature,<ref name="Strickland2007">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy. After centuries of independence, the Greek city-states were unified by Philip of Macedon in the fourth century BCE. His son Alexander the Great rapidly conquered much of the ancient world, spreading Greek culture and science from the eastern Mediterranean to the Indus River. Annexed by Rome in the second century BCE, Greece became an integral part of the Roman Empire and formed the core of its successor, the Byzantine Empire. The Greek Orthodox Church, rooted in the first century CE, shaped the modern Greek identity and transmitted Greek traditions to the wider Orthodox World.<ref name=BritIdent></ref> Falling under Ottoman dominion in the mid-15th century, the nation state of Greece emerged in 1830 following the war of independence. The country's rich history is reflected in large part by its 17 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, among the most in Europe and the world.<ref name=Unesco>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Greece is a democratic and developed country with an advanced high-income economy, a high quality of life and a very high standard of living. A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the tenth member to join the European Communities (precursor to the European Union) and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001. It is also a member of numerous other international institutions, including the Council of Europe, NATO,Unknown extension tag "ref" OECD, OIF, OSCE and the WTO. Greece, which is one of the world's largest shipping powers and top tourist destinations, has the largest economy in the Balkans, where it is an important regional investor.


Greece sections
Intro   Etymology    History    Geography and climate    Politics    Economy    Demographics    Culture    See also    Notes    References    Bibliography    External links   

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