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The Favorite - Grandfather and Grandson, by Georgios Jakobides (1890)

Grandparents are the parents of a person's father or motherpaternal or maternal. Every sexually-reproducing creature who is not a genetic chimera has a maximum of four genetic grandparents, eight genetic great-grandparents, sixteen genetic great-great-grandparents, etc., although the numbers will be lower in cases of pedigree collapse. In the history of modern humanity, around 30,000 years ago, the number of modern humans who lived to be grandparents increased exponentially. It is not known for certain what spurred this increase in longevity, but it is generally believed that a key consequence of three generations being alive together was the preservation of information which could otherwise have been lost; an example of this important information might have been where to find water in times of drought.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

In cases where parents are unwilling or unable to provide adequate care for their children (e.g., death of the parents), grandparents often take on the role of primary caregivers. Even when this is not the case, and particularly in traditional cultures, grandparents often have a direct and clear role in relation to the raising, care and nurture of children. Grandparents are second-degree relatives and share 25% genetic overlap.

A step-grandparent can be the parent's step-parent or the step-parent's parent or the step-parent's step-parent (though technically this might be called a step-step-grandparent). The various words for grandparents at times may also be used to refer to any elderly person, especially the terms gramps, granny, grandfather, grandmother and even more types that most families make up themselves, like "coolma" for younger step-grandparents.

The youngest grandmother in the world is Rifca Stănescu, a gypsy from Romania, who at the age of 12 gave birth to her first child, a girl called Maria. Maria, in her turn, gave birth to an child at the age of 11, thus making her mother Rifca - the youngest grandmother in the world at the age of just 23 years.<ref>World's youngest granny is just 23 | The Sun</ref><ref>Gypsy wife becomes world's youngest grandmother... at 23</ref><ref>Woman, 23, Becomes World's Youngest Grandmother | Fox News</ref><ref>O romanca de 23 de ani, cea mai tanara bunica din lume </ref>


Grandparent sections
Intro  Titles  History of the term  See also  References  External links  

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Called::people    Title::might    Language::grandpa    First::other    Names::parents    Der''::youngest

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}}

The Favorite - Grandfather and Grandson, by Georgios Jakobides (1890)

Grandparents are the parents of a person's father or motherpaternal or maternal. Every sexually-reproducing creature who is not a genetic chimera has a maximum of four genetic grandparents, eight genetic great-grandparents, sixteen genetic great-great-grandparents, etc., although the numbers will be lower in cases of pedigree collapse. In the history of modern humanity, around 30,000 years ago, the number of modern humans who lived to be grandparents increased exponentially. It is not known for certain what spurred this increase in longevity, but it is generally believed that a key consequence of three generations being alive together was the preservation of information which could otherwise have been lost; an example of this important information might have been where to find water in times of drought.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

In cases where parents are unwilling or unable to provide adequate care for their children (e.g., death of the parents), grandparents often take on the role of primary caregivers. Even when this is not the case, and particularly in traditional cultures, grandparents often have a direct and clear role in relation to the raising, care and nurture of children. Grandparents are second-degree relatives and share 25% genetic overlap.

A step-grandparent can be the parent's step-parent or the step-parent's parent or the step-parent's step-parent (though technically this might be called a step-step-grandparent). The various words for grandparents at times may also be used to refer to any elderly person, especially the terms gramps, granny, grandfather, grandmother and even more types that most families make up themselves, like "coolma" for younger step-grandparents.

The youngest grandmother in the world is Rifca Stănescu, a gypsy from Romania, who at the age of 12 gave birth to her first child, a girl called Maria. Maria, in her turn, gave birth to an child at the age of 11, thus making her mother Rifca - the youngest grandmother in the world at the age of just 23 years.<ref>World's youngest granny is just 23 | The Sun</ref><ref>Gypsy wife becomes world's youngest grandmother... at 23</ref><ref>Woman, 23, Becomes World's Youngest Grandmother | Fox News</ref><ref>O romanca de 23 de ani, cea mai tanara bunica din lume </ref>


Grandparent sections
Intro  Titles  History of the term  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Titles
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