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"God the Father", a representation of the theistic version of God, by Ludovico Mazzolino (1480 – c. 1528)

In monotheism and henotheism, God is conceived as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith.<ref name=Swinburne>Swinburne, R.G. "God" in Honderich, Ted. (ed)The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 1995.</ref> The concept of God as described by theologians commonly includes the attributes of omniscience (infinite knowledge), omnipotence (unlimited power), omnipresence (present everywhere), omnibenevolence (perfect goodness), divine simplicity, and eternal and necessary existence. In theism, God is the creator and sustainer of the universe, while in deism, God is the creator, but not the sustainer, of the universe. Monotheism is the belief in the existence of one God or in the oneness of God. In pantheism, God is the universe itself. In atheism, God does not exist, while God is deemed unknown or unknowable within the context of agnosticism. God has also been conceived as being incorporeal (immaterial), a personal being, the source of all moral obligation, and the "greatest conceivable existent".<ref name=Swinburne/> Many notable medieval philosophers and modern philosophers have developed arguments for and against the existence of God.<ref name="Platinga" />

There are many names for God, and different names are attached to different cultural ideas about God's identity and attributes. In the ancient Egyptian era of Atenism, possibly the earliest recorded monotheistic religion, this deity was called Aten,<ref>Jan Assmann, Religion and Cultural Memory: Ten Studies, Stanford University Press 2005, p.59</ref> premised on being the one "true" Supreme Being and Creator of the Universe.<ref>M. Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature, Vol.2, 1980, p.96</ref> In the Hebrew Bible and Judaism, "He Who Is", "I Am that I Am", and the tetragrammaton YHWH are used as names of God, while Yahweh and Jehovah are sometimes used in Christianity as vocalizations of YHWH. In Judaism, it is common to refer to God by the titular names Elohim or Adonai, the latter of which is believed by some scholars to descend from the Egyptian Aten.<ref name="freud">Freud, S. (1939). Moses and Monotheism: Three Essays.</ref><ref>Gunther Siegmund Stent, Paradoxes of Free Will. American Philosophical Society, DIANE, 2002. 284 pages. Pages 34 - 38. ISBN 0-87169-926-5</ref><ref>Jan Assmann, Moses the Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism. Harvard University Press, 1997. 288 pages. ISBN 0-674-58739-1</ref><ref>N. Shupak, The Monotheism of Moses and the Monotheism of Akhenaten. Sevivot, 1995.</ref><ref>William F. Albright, From the Patriarchs to Moses II. Moses out of Egypt. The Biblical Archaeologist, Vol. 36, No. 2 (May, 1973), pp. 48-76. doi 10.2307/3211050</ref> In Islam, the name Allah, "Al-El", or "Al-Elah" ("the God") is used, while Muslims also have a multitude of titular names for God. In Hinduism, Brahman is often considered a monistic deity.<ref>Pantheism: A Non-Theistic Concept of Deity - Page 136, Michael P. Levine - 2002</ref> Other religions have names for God, for instance, Baha in the Bahá'í Faith,<ref>A Feast for the Soul: Meditations on the Attributes of God : ... - Page x, Baháʾuʾlláh, Joyce Watanabe - 2006</ref> Waheguru in Sikhism,<ref>Philosophy and Faith of Sikhism - Page ix, Kartar Singh Duggal - 1988</ref> and Ahura Mazda in Zoroastrianism.<ref>The Intellectual Devotional: Revive Your Mind, Complete Your Education, and Roam confidently with the cultured class, David S. Kidder, Noah D. Oppenheim, page 364</ref>

The many different conceptions of God, and competing claims as to God's characteristics, aims, and actions, have led to the development of ideas of omnitheism, pandeism,<ref name="Lataster">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name ="Dawe">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }} </ref> or a perennial philosophy, which postulates that there is one underlying theological truth, of which all religions express a partial understanding, and as to which "the devout in the various great world religions are in fact worshipping that one God, but through different, overlapping concepts or mental images of him."<ref> Christianity and Other Religions, by John Hick and Brian Hebblethwaite. 1980. Page 178.</ref>


God sections
Intro  Etymology and usage  General conceptions  Non-theistic views of God  Existence of God  Specific attributes  Theological approaches  Distribution of belief in God  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}}

"God the Father", a representation of the theistic version of God, by Ludovico Mazzolino (1480 – c. 1528)

In monotheism and henotheism, God is conceived as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith.<ref name=Swinburne>Swinburne, R.G. "God" in Honderich, Ted. (ed)The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 1995.</ref> The concept of God as described by theologians commonly includes the attributes of omniscience (infinite knowledge), omnipotence (unlimited power), omnipresence (present everywhere), omnibenevolence (perfect goodness), divine simplicity, and eternal and necessary existence. In theism, God is the creator and sustainer of the universe, while in deism, God is the creator, but not the sustainer, of the universe. Monotheism is the belief in the existence of one God or in the oneness of God. In pantheism, God is the universe itself. In atheism, God does not exist, while God is deemed unknown or unknowable within the context of agnosticism. God has also been conceived as being incorporeal (immaterial), a personal being, the source of all moral obligation, and the "greatest conceivable existent".<ref name=Swinburne/> Many notable medieval philosophers and modern philosophers have developed arguments for and against the existence of God.<ref name="Platinga" />

There are many names for God, and different names are attached to different cultural ideas about God's identity and attributes. In the ancient Egyptian era of Atenism, possibly the earliest recorded monotheistic religion, this deity was called Aten,<ref>Jan Assmann, Religion and Cultural Memory: Ten Studies, Stanford University Press 2005, p.59</ref> premised on being the one "true" Supreme Being and Creator of the Universe.<ref>M. Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature, Vol.2, 1980, p.96</ref> In the Hebrew Bible and Judaism, "He Who Is", "I Am that I Am", and the tetragrammaton YHWH are used as names of God, while Yahweh and Jehovah are sometimes used in Christianity as vocalizations of YHWH. In Judaism, it is common to refer to God by the titular names Elohim or Adonai, the latter of which is believed by some scholars to descend from the Egyptian Aten.<ref name="freud">Freud, S. (1939). Moses and Monotheism: Three Essays.</ref><ref>Gunther Siegmund Stent, Paradoxes of Free Will. American Philosophical Society, DIANE, 2002. 284 pages. Pages 34 - 38. ISBN 0-87169-926-5</ref><ref>Jan Assmann, Moses the Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism. Harvard University Press, 1997. 288 pages. ISBN 0-674-58739-1</ref><ref>N. Shupak, The Monotheism of Moses and the Monotheism of Akhenaten. Sevivot, 1995.</ref><ref>William F. Albright, From the Patriarchs to Moses II. Moses out of Egypt. The Biblical Archaeologist, Vol. 36, No. 2 (May, 1973), pp. 48-76. doi 10.2307/3211050</ref> In Islam, the name Allah, "Al-El", or "Al-Elah" ("the God") is used, while Muslims also have a multitude of titular names for God. In Hinduism, Brahman is often considered a monistic deity.<ref>Pantheism: A Non-Theistic Concept of Deity - Page 136, Michael P. Levine - 2002</ref> Other religions have names for God, for instance, Baha in the Bahá'í Faith,<ref>A Feast for the Soul: Meditations on the Attributes of God : ... - Page x, Baháʾuʾlláh, Joyce Watanabe - 2006</ref> Waheguru in Sikhism,<ref>Philosophy and Faith of Sikhism - Page ix, Kartar Singh Duggal - 1988</ref> and Ahura Mazda in Zoroastrianism.<ref>The Intellectual Devotional: Revive Your Mind, Complete Your Education, and Roam confidently with the cultured class, David S. Kidder, Noah D. Oppenheim, page 364</ref>

The many different conceptions of God, and competing claims as to God's characteristics, aims, and actions, have led to the development of ideas of omnitheism, pandeism,<ref name="Lataster">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name ="Dawe">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }} </ref> or a perennial philosophy, which postulates that there is one underlying theological truth, of which all religions express a partial understanding, and as to which "the devout in the various great world religions are in fact worshipping that one God, but through different, overlapping concepts or mental images of him."<ref> Christianity and Other Religions, by John Hick and Brian Hebblethwaite. 1980. Page 178.</ref>


God sections
Intro  Etymology and usage  General conceptions  Non-theistic views of God  Existence of God  Specific attributes  Theological approaches  Distribution of belief in God  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology and usage
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