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Germanic Thing (governing assembly), drawn after the depiction in a relief of the Column of Marcus Aurelius, 193 CE.

The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin,{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} identified by their use of the Germanic languages which diversified out of Proto-Germanic starting during the Pre-Roman Iron Age.<ref></ref>

The term "Germanic" originated in classical times, when groups of tribes were referred to using this term by Roman authors. For them, the term was not necessarily based upon language, but rather referred to tribal groups and alliances who were considered less civilized, and more physically hardened, than the Celtic Gauls living in the region of modern France. Tribes referred to as Germanic in that period lived generally to the north and east of the Gauls. Germanic tribes played a major role throughout the history of Europe's development.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}

Modern Germanic peoples include the Norwegians, Swedes, Danes, Icelanders, Germans, Austrians, English, Dutch, Afrikaners, Flemish, Frisians, Lowland Scots and others (including diaspora populations, such as most European Americans).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Germanic peoples sections
Intro  Ethnonym  Classification  Linguistics  History  Culture  Genetics  Germanic antiquity in later historiography  See also  References  Bibliography and further reading  External links  

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