::Georgia (country)


Georgia::georgian    Title::country    Russian::south    Russia::caucasus    Which::august    Ossetia::tbilisi

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Flag Coat of arms
ძალა ერთობაშია
Dzala Ertobashia
Strength is in Unity
Georgia proper shown in dark green; areas outside of Georgian control but claimed as part of its sovereign territory shown in light green.
Georgia proper shown in dark green; areas outside of Georgian control but claimed as part of its sovereign territory shown in light green.
and largest city

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Official languages Georgian<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}. In Abkhazia, also Abkhazian.</ref>
Spoken languages<ref name="CIA Factbook Georgia"/>
Ethnic groups (2002<ref name="CIA Factbook Georgia"/>)
Demonym Georgian
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic<ref>Moved in 2013 from a president-parliamentary system to a premier-presidential system.</ref>
 -  President Giorgi Margvelashvili
 -  Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili
 -  Speaker of the Parliament Davit Usupashvili
Legislature Parliament
 -  Kingdom of Diaokhi 12th century BC–8th century BC 
 -  Colchis 13th century–164 BC 
 -  Kingdom of Iberia 302 BC–580 AD 
 -  Principality of Iberia 580-880 AD 
 -  Kingdom of Georgia 1008 
 -  Russian Empire occupation 12 September 1801 
 -  from Russian Empire 26 May 1918 
 -  Soviet re-conquest 25 February 1921 
 -  from Soviet Union

9 April 1991
25 December 1991 
 -  Total 69,420 km2 (120th)
26,911 sq mi
 -  2015 estimate 3,729,500<ref name="pri-res-01-2015-geo">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> (131st)
 -  2014 census 3,729,635<ref name="pri-res-2014-geo">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Density 53.5/km2 (137th)
138.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total {{{1}}} (117th)
 -  Per capita $7,245
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total {{{1}}}
 -  Per capita $4,433<ref name=imf2/>
Gini (2012)41.4<ref name="wb-gini">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


HDI (2013)Increase 0.744<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


high · 79th
Currency Lari (Sign of Georgian Lari (5).png) (GEL)
Time zone GET (UTC+4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +995
ISO 3166 code GE
Internet TLD .ge .გე
a. ^ The Seat of Government is in Kutaisi

Georgia ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Georgian: საქართველო{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, tr. Sakartvelo, IPA: [{{#invoke:GeorgianToIPA|convert|sɑkʰɑrtʰvɛlɔ}}]) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}, and its 2015 population is about 3.75 million. Georgia is a unitary, semi-presidential republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.

During the classical era, several independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia. The kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia adopted Christianity in the early 4th century, making previously dominant paganism, Zoroastrianism, and Mithraism gradually decline. A unified Kingdom of Georgia reached the peak of its political and economic strength during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 11th–12th centuries. Thereafter the area was dominated by various large empires for centuries, including the Safavids, Afsharids, and Qajar Iranians. In the late 18th century, the kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti forged an alliance with the Russian Empire, and the area was annexed by Russia in 1801. The latter's rule over Georgia was confirmed in 1813 by the Treaty of Gulistan. After a brief period of independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia was occupied by Soviet Russia in 1921, becoming part of the Soviet Union as the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic. After independence in 1991, post-communist Georgia suffered from civil unrest and economic crisis for most of the 1990s. This lasted until the Rose Revolution of 2003, after which the new government introduced democratic and economic reforms.

Georgia is a member of the Council of Europe and the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development. It contains two de facto independent regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which gained limited international recognition after the 2008 Russo-Georgian War. Georgia and a major part of the international community consider the regions to be part of Georgia's sovereign territory under Russian military occupation.<ref name="smr">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Georgia (country) sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Government and politics  Administrative divisions  Geography and climate  Economy  Demographics  Culture  See also  Further reading  References  References  Sources  External links  

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