::Georgia (U.S. state)


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Georgia ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} JOR-juh) is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies.<ref name=GAHistory>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Named after King George II of Great Britain,<ref name=GAEtymology>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788.<ref name=newgaencyclopedia>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, and was one of the original seven Confederate states.<ref name=newgaencyclopedia /> It was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870.<ref name=newgaencyclopedia /> Georgia is the 24th largest and the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. From 2007 to 2008, 14 of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing, second only to Texas.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Georgia is known as the Peach State and the Empire State of the South.<ref name=newgaencyclopedia /> Atlanta is the state's capital and its most populous city.

Georgia is bordered on the south by Florida, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and South Carolina, on the west by Alabama, and on the north by Tennessee and North Carolina. The northern part of the state is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains system. The Piedmont extends through the central part of the state from the foothills of the Blue Ridge to the Fall Line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the coastal plain of the southern part of the state. The highest point in Georgia is Brasstown Bald at {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} above sea level; the lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean. Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River in land area, although it is the fourth largest (after Michigan, Florida, and Wisconsin) in total area, including expanses of water that are part of state territory.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Georgia (U.S. state) sections
Intro  History  Geography  Demographics  Government  Economy  Cultural  Parks and recreation  Education  Media  Infrastructure  Cities  Notable people  State symbols  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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