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Map of the Earth

Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, geographia, lit. "earth description"<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>) is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> A literal translation would be "to describe or picture or write about the earth". The first person to use the word "geography" was Eratosthenes (276–194 BC).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Four historical traditions in geographical research are spatial analysis of the natural and the human phenomena (geography as the study of distribution), area studies (places and regions), study of the human-land relationship, and research in the Earth sciences.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }} Reprint of a 1964 article.</ref> Nonetheless, modern geography is an all-encompassing discipline that foremost seeks to understand the Earth and all of its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. Geography has been called "the world discipline" and "the bridge between the human and the physical science". Geography is divided into two main branches: human geography and physical geography.<ref></ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>Bonnett, Alastair What is Geography? London, Sage, 2008</ref>

Geography sections
Intro  Introduction  Branches  Techniques  History  Institutions and societies  Publications  See also  Notes and references  External links  

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