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::Generic top-level domain

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gTLD intended use
For a full list of about 1,000 gTLDs, see List of gTLDs
com Mainly for commercial entities, but unrestricted
org Originally for organizations not clearly falling within the other gTLDs, now unrestricted
net Originally for network infrastructures, now unrestricted
edu Educational use, but now primarily for US colleges and universities
gov Governmental use, but now primarily for US governmental entities and agencies
mil Military use, but now primarily for US military only

A generic top-level domain (gTLD) is one of the categories of top-level domains (TLDs) maintained by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) for use in the Domain Name System of the Internet. It is visible to Internet users as the suffix at the end of a domain name.

Overall, IANA currently distinguishes the following groups of top-level domains:<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The core group of generic top-level domains consists of the com, info, net, and org domains. In addition, the domains biz, name, and pro are also considered generic; however, these are designated as restricted, because registrations within them require proof of eligibility within the guidelines set for each.

Historically, the group of generic top-level domains included domains, created in the early development of the domain name system, that are now sponsored by designated agencies or organizations and are restricted to specific types of registrants. Thus, domains edu, gov, int, and mil are now considered sponsored top-level domains, much like the themed top-level domains (e.g., jobs). The entire group of domains that do not have a geographic or country designation (see country-code top-level domain) is still often referred to by the term generic TLDs.

The number of gTLD as of May 2015 exceeds 600 domains,<ref name="newgtlds.icann.org">http://newgtlds.icann.org/en/program-status/delegated-strings</ref> and about 2,000 more are in the waiting list.<ref>https://gtldresult.icann.org/application-result/applicationstatus/viewstatus</ref>


Generic top-level domain sections
Intro  History  Terminology  Expansion of gTLDs  See also  References  External links  

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