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A gamete (from Ancient Greek γαμετή gamete "wife"<ref name=OnlineEtDict>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>) is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization (conception) in organisms that sexually reproduce. In species that produce two morphologically distinct types of gametes, and in which each individual produces only one type, a female is any individual that produces the larger type of gamete—called an ovum (or egg)—and a male produces the smaller tadpole-like type—called a sperm. This is an example of anisogamy or heterogamy, the condition in which females and males produce gametes of different sizes (this is the case in humans; the human ovum has approximately 100,000 times the volume of a single human sperm cell<ref>Marshall, A. M. 1893. Vertebrate embryology: a text-book for students and practitioners. GP Putnam's sons.</ref><ref>Yeung, C., M. Anapolski, M. Depenbusch, M. Zitzmann, and T. Cooper. 2003. Human sperm volume regulation. Response to physiological changes in osmolality, channel blockers and potential sperm osmolytes. Human Reproduction 18:1029.</ref>). In contrast, isogamy is the state of gametes from both sexes being the same size and shape, and given arbitrary designators for mating type. The name gamete was introduced by the Austrian biologist Gregor Mendel. Gametes carry half the genetic information of an individual, one ploidy of each type, and are created through meiosis.


Gamete sections
Intro  Dissimilarity  Sex determination in humans and birds  Artificial gametes  Plants  Notes and references  

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A gamete (from Ancient Greek γαμετή gamete "wife"<ref name=OnlineEtDict>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>) is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization (conception) in organisms that sexually reproduce. In species that produce two morphologically distinct types of gametes, and in which each individual produces only one type, a female is any individual that produces the larger type of gamete—called an ovum (or egg)—and a male produces the smaller tadpole-like type—called a sperm. This is an example of anisogamy or heterogamy, the condition in which females and males produce gametes of different sizes (this is the case in humans; the human ovum has approximately 100,000 times the volume of a single human sperm cell<ref>Marshall, A. M. 1893. Vertebrate embryology: a text-book for students and practitioners. GP Putnam's sons.</ref><ref>Yeung, C., M. Anapolski, M. Depenbusch, M. Zitzmann, and T. Cooper. 2003. Human sperm volume regulation. Response to physiological changes in osmolality, channel blockers and potential sperm osmolytes. Human Reproduction 18:1029.</ref>). In contrast, isogamy is the state of gametes from both sexes being the same size and shape, and given arbitrary designators for mating type. The name gamete was introduced by the Austrian biologist Gregor Mendel. Gametes carry half the genetic information of an individual, one ploidy of each type, and are created through meiosis.


Gamete sections
Intro  Dissimilarity  Sex determination in humans and birds  Artificial gametes  Plants  Notes and references  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Dissimilarity
<<>>