Actions

::France

::concepts

France::french    Title::which    First::world    European::paris    Century::europe    World::thumb

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}}

  1. REDIRECT

{{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

French Republic
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag National emblem
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (language?)
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Location of  metropolitan France{{#invoke:String
Location of  metropolitan France{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark green)

– in Europe{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green & dark grey)
– in the European Union{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)

Territory of the French RepublicUnknown extension tag "ref"
Territory of the French RepublicUnknown extension tag "ref"
Capital
and largest city
Paris
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:48|51.4|N|2|21.05|E|type:city||

| |name=

}}
Official language
and national language
FrenchUnknown extension tag "ref"
Demonym French
Government Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
 -  President François Hollande
 -  Prime Minister Manuel Valls
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house National Assembly
Establishment
 -  Francia unified 486 
 -  Treaty of VerdunUnknown extension tag "ref" August 843 
 -  Republic established 22 September 1792 
 -  Founded the EECUnknown extension tag "ref" 1 January 1958 
 -  Current constitutionUnknown extension tag "ref" 4 October 1958 
Area
 -  TotalUnknown extension tag "ref" 643,801<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> km2 (41nd)
248,600 sq mi
 -  Metropolitan France
   - IGNUnknown extension tag "ref" 551,695 km2 (50th)
213,010 sq mi
   - CadastreUnknown extension tag "ref" 543,940.9<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=journal

}}</ref> km2 (50th)
210,026 sq mi
Population
  (2015)
 -  TotalUnknown extension tag "ref" 66,318,000<ref name=populationINSEE>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (19th)
 -  Metropolitan France 64,365,000<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> ([[List of countries by population in 2005|]])
 -  DensityUnknown extension tag "ref" 116/km2 (89th)
301/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $2.647 trillion (9th)
 -  Per capita $41,221<ref name="imfFrance"/> (25th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $2.423 trillion (6th)
 -  Per capita $37,728<ref name="imfFrance">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (20th)
Gini (2008)32.7<ref name="CIA">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
medium
HDI (2013)Steady 0.884<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
very high · 20th
Currency {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Time zone CETUnknown extension tag "ref" (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CESTUnknown extension tag "ref" (UTC+2)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +33Unknown extension tag "ref"
ISO 3166 code FR
Internet TLD .frUnknown extension tag "ref"

France, officially the French Republic (French: République française{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}),Unknown extension tag "ref" is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.Unknown extension tag "ref" The European part of France, called Metropolitan France, extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. France spans {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} and has a total population of 67 million.Unknown extension tag "ref" It is a unitary semi-presidential republic with the capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial center. The Constitution of France establishes the state as secular and democratic, with its sovereignty derived from the people.

During the Iron Age, what is now Metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. The Gauls were conquered in 51 BC by the Roman Empire, which held Gaul until 486. The Gallo-Romans faced raids and migration from the Germanic Franks, who dominated the region for hundreds of years, eventually creating the medieval Kingdom of France. France emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453) strengthening French state-building and paving the way for a future centralized absolute monarchy. During the Renaissance, France experienced a vast cultural development and established the beginning of a global colonial empire. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots).

France became Europe's dominant cultural, political, and military power under Louis XIV, but in the late 18th century, the monarchy was overthrown in the French Revolution. Among its legacies was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, one of the earliest documents on human rights, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. France became one of history's earliest republics until Napoleon took power and declared the First French Empire and fought a complex changing set of coalitions during the Napoleonic Wars. He dominated European affairs for over a decade and had a long-lasting impact on Western culture. Following its ultimate defeat at the end of the conflict, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments: an absolute monarchy was restored, replaced in 1830 by a constitutional monarchy, then briefly by a Second Republic, and then by a Second Empire, until a more lasting French Third Republic was established in 1870.

France reached its territorial height during the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it possessed the second-largest colonial empire in the moment.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> In World War I, France was part of the victorious Triple Entente alliance fighting against the Central Powers. France was also one of the Allied Powers in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis Powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains to this day. Following the Second World War, most of the empire became decolonized.

Throughout its long history, France has been a leading global center of culture, making significant contributions to art, science, and philosophy. It hosts Europe's third-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites (after Italy and Spain) and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually, the most of any country in the world.<ref name="tourism.stat">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[dead link] }}</ref> France remains a great power with significant cultural, economic, military, and political influence.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Better source |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[better source needed] }} It is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and eight-largest by purchasing power parity.<ref name="data.worldbank.org">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> According to Credit Suisse, France is the fourth wealthiest nation in the world in terms of aggregate household wealth.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It also possesses the world's second-largest exclusive economic zone (EEZ), covering {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}.<ref>Centre national de documentation pédagogique, "2011, ANNÉE DES OUTRE-MER" [1]</ref>

French citizens enjoy a high standard of living, and the country performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, civil liberties, and human development.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> France is a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. It is a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie. France is a founding and leading member state of the European Union (EU).<ref name = superficy />


France sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography  Politics  Economy  Demographics  Culture  See also  Footnotes  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology
<<>>