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File:Childrens migrant programme.jpg
Children of the United Kingdom's Child Migration Programme – many of whom were placed in foster care in Australia

Foster care is a system in which a minor has been placed into a ward, group home, or private home of a state-certified caregiver referred to as a "foster parent". The placement of the child is usually arranged through the government or a social-service agency. The institution, group home or foster parent is compensated for expenses.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The state via the family court and child protection agency stand in loco parentis to the minor, making all legal decisions while the foster parent is responsible for the day-to-day care of the minor.

The vast majority of children who would otherwise need foster care are in kinship care, that is, in the care of grandparents or other relatives.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Most kinship care is done informally, without the involvement of a court or public organization. However, in the U.S., formal kinship care is increasingly common. In 2012, a quarter of all children in formal foster care were placed with relatives.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Foster care sections
Intro  By Country   Placement    Abuse and negligence    Medical and psychiatric disorders    Therapeutic intervention    Adoption    See also    References    Further reading    External links   

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