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Florence ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} FLOR-əns; Italian: Firenze{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [fiˈrɛntse])<ref>Alternative obsolete form: Fiorenza [fjoˈrɛntsa]; Latin: Florentia</ref> is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 382,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1,520,000 in the metropolitan area.<ref>Bilancio demografico anno 2013, dati ISTAT</ref>

Florence is famous for its history: a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> it is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called "the Athens of the Middle Ages".<ref>Spencer Baynes, L.L.D., and W. Robertson Smith, L.L.D., Encyclopædia Britannica. Akron, Ohio: The Werner Company, 1907: p.675</ref> A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family, and numerous religious and republican revolutions.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> From 1865 to 1871 the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy.

The Historic Centre of Florence attracts millions of tourists each year, and Euromonitor International ranked the city as the world's 89th most visited in 2012, with 1.8 million visitors.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. The city is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments.<ref name="britannica.com"/> The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture and politics.<ref name="Time.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Due to Florence's artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Florence is an important city in Italian fashion,<ref name="Time.com"/> being ranked in the top 51 fashion capitals of the world;<ref name="languagemonitor">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> furthermore, it is a major national economic centre,<ref name="Time.com"/> as a tourist and industrial hub. In 2008, the city had the 17th highest average income in Italy.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Florence sections
Intro  History  Geography  Government  Main sights  Demographics  Economy  Culture  Transport  Sport  International relations  Other partnerships  Notable residents  See also  References  Sources  External links  

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