::First French Empire

::concepts

Napoleon::french    France::empire    Title::battle    Against::russia    Europe::which    Power::emperor

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Pp-move-indef|main}} {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}}

="3" class="fn org summary" style="text-align:center; line-height:1.2em; font-size:115%; font-weight:bold;" Empire Français ="3" style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; font-size:95%;" Anthem
"Veillons au salut de l'Empire"'
"
Chant du Départ" (de facto)'<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation ="3" style="text-align:center; font-size:95%; padding:0.6em 0em 0.6em 0em;"
The First French Empire at its greatest extent in 1812. <ref name="Taagepera1997">Taagepera1997</ref>

- class="mergedtoprow"

="3" style="text-align:center; padding:0.6em 0em;"
The French Empire and sphere of influence in 1812.
</small>

="2" Capital ="width:50%;" Paris


="2" Languages French

="2" Religion Roman Catholicism, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Judaism, Laïcité

="2" Emperor || - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1804–1814/1815 Napoleon I - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1815 Napoleon II<ref>According to his father's will only. Between 23 June and 7 July France was held by a Commission of Government of five members, which never summoned Napoleon II as emperor in any official act, and no regent was ever appointed while waiting the return of the king. [3]</ref> - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedtoprow" ="2" Legislature Parliament - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Upper house Senate - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" Lower house Corps législatif ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Coronation of Napoleon I ="vertical-align: bottom;"2 December 1804 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Treaty of Tilsit ="vertical-align: bottom;"7 July 1807 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Invasion of Russia ="vertical-align: bottom;"24 June 1812 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Treaty of Fontainebleau ="vertical-align: bottom;"11 April 1814 ="3" Area - class="mergedbottomrow" style="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1812 <ref name="Taagepera1997"/> 860,000 km² (332,048 sq mi) - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" ="3" Population ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1812 est. 44,000,000  - class="mergedbottomrow" ="2" {{#invoke:String|rep| |5}}Density ="white-space:nowrap;" 51.2 /km²  (132.5 /sq mi) ="2" CurrencyFrench Franc ="3" { style="width:95%; background: transparent; text-align:center; margin:0 auto;" - style="text-align:center; border:0; padding-bottom:0"
Preceded by style="text-align:center;border:0; padding-bottom:0;" Succeeded by

- style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; border:0;" { style="width:100%; background: transparent; text-align:center; margin:0 auto; border:0;" - ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle;" ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle; text-align:left;" First French Republic - ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle;" ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle; text-align:left;" Kingdom of Holland - ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle;" ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle; text-align:left;" Ligurian Republic -

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

} style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center;border:0;" { style="width:92%; background:transparent; text-align:center; margin:0 auto; border:0;" - ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle; text-align:right;" [[Bourbon RestorationKingdom of France]] ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle;" - ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle; text-align:right;" [[Sovereign Principality of the United NetherlandsPrincipality of the Netherlands]] ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle;" - ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle; text-align:right;" [[Neutral MoresnetMoresnet]] ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle;" - ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle; text-align:right;" Luxembourg ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle;" - ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle; text-align:right;" [[Grand Duchy of TuscanyTuscany]] ="border:0; padding:0; vertical-align:middle;" -

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

} }

="2" Today part of

  {{safesubst:#invoke:collapsible list|main}}
French Empire<ref name="FRANCine">But still domestically styled as French Republic until 1808: compare the French franc minted in 1808 [1] and in 1809 [2], as well as Article 1 of the Constitution of the Year XII, which reads in English "The Government of the Republic is vested in an Emperor, who takes the title of Emperor of the French."</ref><ref name="gallica.bnf.fr">The official bulletin of laws of the French Empire</ref>

 

 

1804–1814
1815

- class="mergedtoprow" ="3" class="maptable" { style="width:100%; text-align:center; margin:0 auto; background:none;" - ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" [[File:Flag of France.svg|125px|alt=|Flag]] ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" - style="font-size:95%;" style="border:0; text-align:center;" Flag style="border:0; text-align:center;" Imperial Coat of arms }

CitationClass=citation

}}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

CitationClass=citation

}}</ref>
()
"Marche consulaire"'
()

Government Elective Monarchy
Historical era Napoleonic Wars
 •  Constitution adopted 18 May 1804
 •  Hundred Days 20 March – 7 July 1815

The First French Empire<ref name="FRANCine" /><ref name="gallica.bnf.fr"/> (French: Empire Français{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), also known as the Greater French Empire or Napoleonic Empire, was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.

On 18 May 1804, Napoleon was granted the title Emperor of the French (L'Empereur des Français, pronounced: [lɑ̃.pʁœʁ dɛ fʁɑ̃.sɛ]) by the French Sénat and was crowned on 2 December 1804,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> ending the period of the French Consulate and of the French First Republic. The French Empire won early military victories in the War of the Third Coalition against Austria, Prussia, Russia, Portugal and allied nations, notably at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and, during the War of the Fourth Coalition, at the Battle of Friedland<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> in 1807.

A series of wars, known collectively as the Napoleonic Wars, extended French influence over much of Western Europe and into Poland. At its height in 1812, the French Empire had 130 departments, ruled over 70 million subjects, maintained an extensive military presence in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the Duchy of Warsaw, and could count Prussia and Austria as nominal allies.<ref>Martyn Lyons, Napoleon Bonaparte and the Legacy of the French Revolution. p. 232</ref> Early French victories exported many ideological features of the French Revolution throughout Europe: the introduction of the Napoleonic Code throughout the continent increased legal equality, established jury systems and legalised divorce, and seigneurial dues and seigneurial justice were abolished, as were aristocratic privileges in all places with the exception of Poland.<ref>Martyn Lyons p. 234-236</ref>


First French Empire sections
Intro  Origin  Early victories  Height of the Empire  Intrigues and unrest  The Fall  Nature of Bonaparte's rule  Maps  See also  Notes and references  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Origin
<<>>