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Photograph showing starving children during the Russian famine of 1921

A famine is a widespread scarcity of food,<ref>Scarcity and Poor Relief in Eighteenth-Century Ireland: The Subsistence Crisis of 1782-4, http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/30008004?uid=3738032&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21100863504381, 20 June 2012</ref> caused by several factors including crop failure, population unbalance, or government policies. This phenomenon is usually accompanied or followed by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased mortality. Nearly every continent in the world has experienced a period of famine throughout history. Some countries, particularly in sub-Sahara Africa, continue to have extreme cases of famine.

Famine sections
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