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- class="mergedtoprow" title="Location name (local name)" - class="mergedrow" title="Other names" colspan="2" style="text-align: center; font-weight: bold; background-color: #b3cce4;" Arabic: الفرات‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}: al-Furāt<ref name=hartmann>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref>,Turkish: Fırat{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}<ref name=hartmann/>,Kurdish: Firat‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}},Syriac: ܦܪܬ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}: Prath,Hebrew: פרת‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Perat,Armenian: Եփրատ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}: Yeprat - class="mergedbottomrow" title="Category" - class="mergedtoprow" title="Etymology (origin) of the name" - class="mergedtoprow" title="Country/Countries in which the site lies" - class="mergedtoprow" title="Major tributaries observed as the river flows" style="white-space: nowrap;"  - left Balikh,Khabur style="white-space: nowrap;"  - right Sajur - class="mergedtoprow" - class="mergedtoprow" title="Source name" style="white-space: nowrap;"  - location Murat Su, Turkey style="white-space: nowrap;"  - elevation 3,520 m(11,549 ft) style="white-space: nowrap;"  - location Kara Su, Turkey style="white-space: nowrap;"  - elevation 3,290 m(10,794 ft) style="white-space: nowrap;"  - location Keban, Turkey style="white-space: nowrap;"  - elevation 610 m(2,001 ft) style="white-space: nowrap;"  - location Al-Qurnah, Basra Governorate, Iraq style="white-space: nowrap;"  - coordinates - class="mergedtoprow" title="Length" style="white-space: nowrap;"  - average 356 m3/s(12,572 cu ft/s) style="white-space: nowrap;"  - max 2,514 m3/s(88,781 cu ft/s) style="white-space: nowrap;"  - min 58 m3/s(2,048 cu ft/s) <tr><td colspan="2">
Map of the combined Tigris–Euphrates drainage basin (in yellow)

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-title="Wikimedia Commons has more media related to Euphrates"

Euphrates
River
{{#invoke:InfoboxImage|InfoboxImage|image= Zalabiya,Euphrat.jpg|size= 300|sizedefault=256px|border= |alt=}}
The Euphrates near Halabiye (Syria); the site can be seen in the background on the left bank
Name origin: from Greek, from Old Persian Ufrātu, from Elamite ú-ip-ra-tu-iš
style="white-space: nowrap;" Countries

Iraq, Syria, Turkey

style="white-space: nowrap;" Basin area

Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait

Tributaries
style="white-space: nowrap;" Cities

Birecik, Ar-Raqqah, Deir ez-Zor, Mayadin, Haditha, Ramadi, Habbaniyah, Fallujah, Kufa, Samawah, Nasiriyah

style="white-space: nowrap;" Landmarks

Lake Assad, Lake Qadisiyah, Lake Habbaniyah

style="white-space: nowrap;" Source
style="white-space: nowrap;" Secondary source
style="white-space: nowrap;" Source confluence
style="white-space: nowrap;" Mouth Shatt al-Arab
coord}}{{#coordinates: 31|0|18|N|47|26|31|E|type:river_region:IQ primary name=

}}

style="white-space: nowrap;" Length

2,800 km (1,740 mi) approx.

style="white-space: nowrap;" Basin

500,000 km2 (193,051 sq mi) approx.

style="white-space: nowrap;" Discharge for Hīt
Wikimedia Commons: [[commons:Category:EuphratesEuphrates]]

The Euphrates ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Arabic: الفرات‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}: al-Furāt, Syriac: ̇ܦܪܬ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}: Pǝrāt, Armenian: Եփրատ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}: Yeprat, Hebrew: פרת‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}: Perat, Turkish: Fırat{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Kurdish: Firat‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia. Together with the Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia. Originating in eastern Turkey, the Euphrates flows through Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf.


Euphrates sections
Intro   Etymology    Course    Watershed    Natural history    River modifications    History    Economy    See also    Notes    References   

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