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Ethnologue: Languages of the World is a web-based publication that contains statistics for 7,472 languages and dialects in its 18th edition, which was released in 2015.<ref>Ethnologue, 18th edition website</ref> Up until the 16th edition in 2009, the publication was a printed volume. Ethnologue provides information on the number of speakers, location, dialects, linguistic affiliations, availability of the Bible in each language and dialect described, and an estimate of language viability using the Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale (EGIDS).<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

The publication is generally respected by scholars. In 1986, William Bright, then editor of Language: Journal of the Linguistic Society of America, wrote of Ethnologue that it "is indispensable for any reference shelf on the languages of the world".<ref>Bright, William. 1986. "Book Notice on Ethnologue", Language 62:698.</ref> In 2008 in the same journal, Lyle Campbell and Verónica Grondona said: "Ethnologue...has become the standard reference, and its usefulness is hard to overestimate."<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> However, in 2015, Harald Hammarström added a caveat to this positivity. "While hundreds of spurious and missing languages can be documented for Ethnologue", he wrote, "it is at present still better than any other nonderivative work of the same scope, in all aspects but one. Ethnologue fails to disclose the sources for the information presented, at odds with well-established scientific principles."<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

Ethnologue sections
Intro  Overview  Editions  Language families  See also  Citations  References  Further reading  External links  

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