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Republic of Estonia
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Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Location of  Estonia{{#invoke:String
Location of  Estonia{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark green)

– in Europe{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green & dark grey)
– in the European Union{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)  –  [Legend]

and largest city

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Official languages Estoniana
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups (2015<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


Demonym Estonian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Toomas Hendrik Ilves
 -  Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas
Legislature Riigikogu
 -  Autonomy declared 12 April 1917 
 -  Independence declared
then recognised
24 February 1918
2 February 1920 
 -  Foreign occupation 1940–1991 
 -  Independence restored 20 August 1991 
 -  Total 45,339<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> km2 (132ndd)
17,505 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 4.45%
 -  2015 estimate 1,313,271<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}} (Estimate as of 1 January 2015)</ref> (154th)
 -  2011 census 1,294,486<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Density 28/km2 (181st)
75/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $37.879 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Per capita $28,781<ref name=imf2/> (42nd)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $22.934 billion<ref name=imf2/>
 -  Per capita $17,425<ref name=imf2/> (41st)
Gini (2013)negative increase 32.9<ref name=eurogini>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


HDI (2013)Steady 0.840<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


very high · 33rd
Currency Euro ()e (EUR)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +372
ISO 3166 code EE
Internet TLD .eef
a. According to the Constitution, Estonian is the sole official language.<ref>Constitution of the Republic of Estonia, 6th article</ref> In southern counties, Võro and Seto are spoken along with it. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Soviet Union's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
b. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.<ref>Võrokesed ees, setod järel. (13 July 2012).</ref>
c. SDE member but nonpartisan while in office.
d. {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today, the remaining {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).<ref>Territorial changes of the Baltic states Soviet territorial changes against Estonia after World War II</ref> Pechory remains under Russian control.
e. Estonian kroon (EEK) before 2011.
f. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

Estonia ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}};<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}</ref> Estonian: Eesti{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.<ref></ref> It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km).<ref>Estonian Republic at the Wayback Machine (archived July 21, 2011). Official website of the Republic of Estonia (in Estonian)</ref> Across the Baltic Sea lies Sweden in the west and Finland in the north. The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and 2,222 islands and islets in the Baltic Sea,<ref>Matthew Holehouse Estonia discovers it's actually larger after finding 800 new islands The Telegraph, 28 Aug 2015</ref> covering {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} of land, and is influenced by a humid continental climate.

Estonia is a democratic parliamentary republic divided into fifteen counties, with its capital and largest city being Tallinn. With a population of 1.3 million, it is one of the least-populous member states of the European Union, Eurozone, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and the Schengen Area. Ethnic Estonians are a Finnic people, and the official language, Estonian, is a Finno-Ugric language closely related to Finnish and the Sami languages, and distantly to Hungarian.

A developed country with an advanced, high-income economy<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and high living standards, Estonia ranks very high in the Human Development Index,<ref name="HDI"/> and performs favourably in measurements of economic freedom, civil liberties, education, and press freedom (third in the world in 2012).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Estonia is often described as one of the most wired countries in Europe.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

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