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Escarpment face of a cuesta, broken by a fault, Cumberland Plateau, Tennessee

An escarpment is a steep slope or long cliff that occurs from faulting, tilting or warping and resulting erosion and separates two relatively level areas of differing elevations. Usually escarpment is used interchangeably with scarp (from the Italian scarpa, shoe<ref>scarp - Definition from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary</ref>). But some sources differentiate the two terms, where escarpment refers to the margin between two landforms, while scarp is synonymous with a cliff or steep slope.<ref name="Easterbrook">Easterbrook, D. J. (1999) Surface processes and landforms. (Second Ed). Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.</ref><ref>Summary: Escarpments, US Army Corps of Engineers.</ref> The surface of the steep slope is called a scarp face.

Escarpment sections
Intro  Formation and description  Erosion of escarpments  Significant escarpments  See also  References  

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