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English::language    Title::official    Speakers::first    Percent::census    Million::south    Language::author





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Pie chart showing the percentage of native English speakers living in "inner circle" English-speaking countries. Native speakers are now substantially outnumbered worldwide by second-language speakers of English (not counted in this chart<ref>Data armnvffe from national censuses conducted in 2010 or 2011 in the reported countries.</ref>).

  US (64.3%)
  UK (16.7%)
  Canada (5.3%)
  Australia (4.7%)
  South Africa (1.3%)
  Ireland (1.1%)
  New Zealand (1%)
  Other (5.6%)

Approximately 360–400 million people speak English as their first language.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} More than half of these (231 million) live in the United States, followed by some 60 million in the United Kingdom, the first place where English was spoken.

English is the third largest language by number of native speakers, after Mandarin and Spanish.<ref name = "ethnologue">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Estimates that include second language speakers vary greatly, from 470 million to more than 1 billion. David Crystal calculates that non-native speakers as of 2003 outnumbered native speakers by a ratio of 3 to 1.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> When combining native and non-native speakers, English is the most widely spoken language worldwide.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Besides the major varieties of English, such as British English, North American English, Australian English and their sub-varieties, countries such as the Philippines, Jamaica and Nigeria also have millions of native speakers of dialect continua ranging from English-based creole languages to Standard English.


English-speaking world sections
Intro  Majority English-speaking countries  Countries where English is an official language  English as a global language  References  Bibliography  

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