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{{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} During World War II, the Nazi German Einsatzkommandos{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} were a sub-group of five Einsatzgruppen{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} mobile killing squads (term used by Holocaust historians) – up to 3,000 men total – usually composed of 500–1,000 functionaries of the SS and Gestapo, whose mission was to exterminate Jews, Polish intellectuals, Romani, communists and the NKVD collaborators in the captured territories often far behind the advancing German front.<ref name="Urban2">Thomas Urban, reporter of the Süddeutsche Zeitung; Polish text in Rzeczpospolita, Sept 1–2, 2001</ref><ref name="Rossino">Alexander B. Rossino, historian at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., "Polish 'Neighbors' and German Invaders" Polin, Volume 16, 2003. Internet Archive.</ref> After the outbreak of war with the Soviet Union known as Operation Barbarossa, the Red Army began to retreat so rapidly that the large Einsatzgruppen had to be split into dozens of smaller commandos (Einsatzkommandos), responsible for systematically killing Jews and, among others, alleged Soviet partisans behind the Wehrmacht lines. Several Einsatzkommando officers were tried and hanged after the war (see Einsatzgruppen Trial).

As a military term, the German Einsatzkommando (Operational Command) is roughly equivalent to the English task force and is still in use for German paramilitary organizations, such as SEK and Einsatzkommando Cobra.


Einsatzkommando sections
Intro  Organization of the Einsatzgruppen  The earliest Einsatzgruppen in occupied Poland  Einsatzgruppe A  [[Einsatzkommando?section=Einsatzgruppe_B_{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}|Einsatzgruppe B {{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}]]  Einsatzgruppe C  Einsatzgruppe D  Einsatzgruppe E  Einsatzgruppe Serbien  Einsatzkommando Tunis  Planned Einsatzkommando units  See also  References  Further reading  

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