::Edward IV of England


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Arms of Edward, 4th Duke of York, before he became King Edward IV. Quarterly 1st: Arms of King Edward III; 2nd & 3rd: Or a cross gules (de Burgh), 4th: Barry or and azure, on a chief of the first two pallets between two base esquires of the second over all an inescutcheon argent (Mortimer) ([1]). The arms of Edward, 4th Duke of York (later King Edward IV), emphasise his descent from Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338–1368), third son of King Edward III (on which basis the House of York claimed the throne), who married Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster (1332–1363). Their daughter Philippa de Burgh married Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, whose son Roger de Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, was the great-grandfather of Edward, 4th Duke of York (later King Edward IV)

Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was the King of England from 4 March 1461 until 3 October 1470,<ref name=EdwardIV /><ref>Biography of EDWARD IV – Set sail on 2 October 1470 from England and took refuge in Burgundy; deposed as King of England on 3 October 1470. Retrieved 5 December 2009.</ref> and again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was the first Yorkist King of England.<ref>Charles Ross, Edward IV (English Monarchs Series), 1998 ISBN 978-0-300-07372-0</ref> The first half of his rule was marred by the violence associated with the Wars of the Roses, but he overcame the Lancastrian challenge to the throne at Tewkesbury in 1471 to reign in peace until his sudden death. Before becoming king, he was 4th Duke of York,<ref>BBC Edward IV</ref> 7th Earl of March, 5th Earl of Cambridge and 9th Earl of Ulster. He was also the 65th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Edward IV of England sections
Intro  Reign  Overview  Ancestry  Marriage and children  Successors  Appearance and character  In fiction  References  External links