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Earl Kenneth Hines, universally known as Earl "Fatha"<ref name=Fatha group=nb/> Hines (December 28, 1903<ref name=Birth group=nb/> – April 22, 1983), was an American jazz pianist and bandleader. He was one of the most influential figures in the development of jazz piano and, according to one major source, is "one of a small number of pianists whose playing shaped the history of jazz".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie, a member of the Earl Hines big-band along with Charlie Parker, wrote, "The piano is the basis of modern harmony. This little guy came out of Chicago, Earl Hines. He changed the style of the piano. You can find the roots of Bud Powell, Herbie Hancock, all the guys who came after that. If it hadn't been for Earl Hines blazing the path for the next generation to come, it's no telling where or how they would be playing now. There were individual variations but the style of ... the modern piano came from Earl Hines."<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}.</ref>

Pianist Lennie Tristano said, "Earl Hines is the only one of us capable of creating real jazz and real swing when playing all alone." Horace Silver said, "He has a completely unique style. No one can get that sound, no other pianist".<ref>Pittsburg Music History: see External Links below.</ref> Erroll Garner said, "When you talk about greatness, you talk about Art Tatum and Earl Hines".<ref>Obituary in The Daily Telegraph. April 23, 1983: see also Pittsburg Music History: see External Links below.</ref>

Count Basie said that Hines was, "The greatest piano player in the world".<ref>Stanley Dance: liner notes to "Earl Hines at Home": Delmark DD 212. As well as The World of Earl Hines and The World of Duke Ellington, Dance also wrote The World of Count Basie (Da Capo Press, 1985), ISBN 0-306-80245-7: see also Pittsburg Music History: see External Links below.</ref>


Earl Hines sections
Intro  Biography  Style  Selected discography  Notes  References  External links  

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