::ETA (separatist group)


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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} ETA (Basque: [eta], Spanish: [ˈeta]), an acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (Basque pronunciation: [eus̺kaði ta as̺katas̺una]; "Basque Country and Freedom")<ref>What is Eta?, BBC News 20 October 2011</ref> is an armed Basque nationalist and separatist organization in northern Spain and southwestern France. The group was founded in 1959 and has since evolved from a group promoting traditional Basque culture to a paramilitary group with the goal of gaining independence for the Greater Basque Country.<ref name=""> Goiz Argi. Goiz Argi. Retrieved on 30 January 2011.</ref><ref> Goiz Argi. Goiz Argi (27 January 2002). Retrieved on 30 January 2011.</ref> ETA is the main group within the Basque National Liberation Movement and is the most important participant in the Basque conflict.

Since 1968, ETA has been held responsible for killing 829 people, injuring thousands and undertaking dozens of kidnappings.<ref name="casualities_eta_829">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="casualties_total_basque">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="Victimas MIR">ETA has killed 829 people as of 19 January 2011, Spanish Ministerio del Interior</ref><ref name="">Peace at Last? | People & Places|Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved on 30 January 2011.</ref> The group is proscribed as a terrorist group by Spain, the United Kingdom,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> France,<ref> French list of terrorist organizations, in the annex of Chapter XIV</ref> the United States,<ref>Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs). Retrieved on 16 April 2013.</ref> and the European Union.<ref name="eu-not-listed-anymore-2011"> EU's list of terrorist organizations</ref> This convention is followed by a plurality of domestic and international media, which also refer to the group as "terrorists".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref>Spain's rail ambitions: Ave Madrid. The Economist (5 February 2009). Retrieved on 30 January 2011.</ref><ref>Spanien: Mutmaßliche Eta-Terroristen gefasst – SPIEGEL ONLINE – Nachrichten – Politik. (2 July 2007). Retrieved on 30 January 2011.</ref> There are more than 400 imprisoned members of the group in Spain, France, and other countries.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

ETA declared ceasefires in 1989, 1996, 1998 and 2006, and subsequently broke them. On 5 September 2010, ETA declared a new ceasefire<ref name="bbc 5 sep">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> that is still in force, and on 20 October 2011, ETA announced a "definitive cessation of its armed activity".<ref name=BBC20111020>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> On 24 November 2012, it was reported that the group was ready to negotiate a "definitive end" to its operations and disband completely.<ref name="BBC Eta 'ready to disband'">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

ETA's motto is Bietan jarrai{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ("Keep up on both"), referring to the two figures in its symbol, a snake (representing politics) wrapped around an axe (representing armed struggle).<ref>Quiosco | El Mundo en ORBYT. Retrieved on 30 January 2011.</ref><ref>ETA, una serpiente vacilante. Retrieved on 30 January 2011.</ref><ref>De patrulla por Vitoria. (24 March 2006). Retrieved on 30 January 2011.</ref>

ETA (separatist group) sections
Intro  Structure  Political support  History  Current events  Victims, tactics and attacks  Activity  Basque Nationalist context  French role  Government response  Other related armed groups  In the media  See also  References  

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