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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Refimprove |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "{". Dub is a genre of electronic music<ref>A History of Rock Music: 1951–2000, p.120</ref> that grew out of reggae in the 1960s, and is commonly considered a subgenre,<ref name="Dub p.2">Dub: soundscapes and shattered songs in Jamaican reggae, p.2</ref> though it has developed to extend beyond the scope of reggae. Music in this genre consists predominantly of instrumental remixes of existing recordings<ref>Chris Roberts, Heavy Words Lightly Thrown: The Reason Behind Rhyme, Thorndike Press,2006 (ISBN 0-7862-8517-6)</ref> and is achieved by significantly manipulating and reshaping the recordings, usually by removing the vocals from an existing music piece, and emphasizing the drum and bass parts (this stripped-down track is sometimes referred to as a 'riddim'). Other techniques include dynamically adding extensive echo, reverb, panoramic delay, and occasional dubbing of vocal or instrumental snippets from the original version or other works.

Dub was pioneered by Osbourne "King Tubby" Ruddock, Lee "Scratch" Perry, Errol Thompson and others<ref name="Dub p.2"/> in the late 1960s. Similar experiments with recordings at the mixing desk outside of the dancehall environment were also done by producers Clive Chin and Herman Chin Loy.<ref name="Larkin">Larkin, Colin: "The Virgin Encyclopedia of Reggae", 1998, Virgin Books, ISBN 0-7535-0242-9</ref> These producers, especially Ruddock and Perry, looked upon the mixing console as an instrument, manipulating tracks to come up with something new and different. Dub has influenced many genres of music, including rock (most significantly the subgenre of post-punk and other kinds of punk<ref name="Dub p.3">Dub: soundscapes and shattered songs in Jamaican reggae, p.3</ref>), pop,<ref>Dub: soundscapes and shattered songs in Jamaican reggae, p.4</ref> hip hop,<ref name="Dub p.3"/> disco, and later house,<ref name="some dub influences">Dub: soundscapes and shattered songs in Jamaican reggae, p.1</ref> techno,<ref name="some dub influences"/> ambient,<ref name="some dub influences"/> and trip hop.<ref name="some dub influences"/> Dub has become a basis for the genres of jungle/drum and bass<ref>Living through pop, p.107</ref><ref>Discographies: dance music, culture and the politics of sound, p.79</ref> and dubstep.<ref>Multi-Ethnic Britain 2000+: New Perspectives in Literature, Film and the Arts, p.263</ref> Traditional dub has survived and some of the originators, such as Lee "Scratch" Perry and Mad Professor, continue to produce new material.


Dub music sections
Intro  Name  Characteristics  History  Musical impact  Afrofuturism  Jamaican Sound System  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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