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The Druze ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}};<ref>"Druze". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.</ref> Arabic: درزي‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} derzī or durzī, plural دروز{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} durūz; Hebrew: דרוזי‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} drūzī plural דרוזים{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, druzim) are an Arabic-speaking esoteric ethnoreligious group,<ref name=dawn>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> originating in Southwestern Asia, who self-identify as unitarians (Al-Muwaḥḥidūn/Muwahhideen).<ref name="wendy">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Jethro of Midian is considered an ancestor of all Druze and revered as their spiritual founder as well as chief prophet.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="Blumberg 1985 201">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

The Druze faith is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the teachings of Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Akhenaten, Hamza, and Al Hakim.<ref name="Entrepreneurship and Religion">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Adams Media">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The Epistles of Wisdom is the foundational text of the Druze faith, alongside supplemental texts such as the Epistles of India.<ref name="Izzeddin1993">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The Druze faith incorporates elements of Gnosticism, Neoplatonism, Pythagoreanism, Ismailism,<ref name=farhad>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Judaism,<ref name="wendy"/> Christianity,<ref name="wendy"/> and Hinduism,<ref name="kamlesh">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> and other philosophies and beliefs, creating a distinct and secretive theology known to esoterically interpret religious scriptures and to highlight the role of the mind and truthfulness.<ref name="wendy"/><ref name="kamlesh"/> The Druze follow theophany, and believe in reincarnation or the transmigration of the soul.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} At the end of the cycle of rebirth, which is achieved through successive reincarnations, the soul is united with the Cosmic Mind (Al Aaqal Al Kulli).<ref name="Druze">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Although dwarfed by other, larger communities, the Druze community played an important role in shaping the history of the Levant, and continues to play a large political role there. As an ethnic and religious minority in every country in which they live, they have frequently experienced persecution. Druze are not considered Muslims<ref name=mordechai>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name=randa>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name=david>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name=muhammed>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> and are thus often labeled as infidels (Murtadun).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref> Ali az-Zahir of the Fatimid Caliphate campaigned to exterminate the faith, ethnically cleansing Druze communities in Antioch, Aleppo, and northern Syria. Further attempts were made by the Mamluks and Ottomans.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} Most recently, Druze were targeted by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and Al-Qaeda<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> in order to cleanse Syria and neighboring countries of non-Islamic influence.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The Druze faith is one of the major religious groups in the Levant, with about 1.5 million adherents. They are found primarily in Syria, Lebanon and Israel, with small communities in Jordan and outside Southwestern Asia. The oldest and most densely-populated Druze communities exist in Mount Lebanon and in the south of Syria around Jabal al-Druze (literally the "Mountain of the Druzes").<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> The Druze's social customs differ markedly from those of Muslims or Christians, and they are known to form a close-knit, cohesive community but also integrate fully in their adopted homelands.


Druze sections
Intro   Location    History    Modern history    Beliefs   [[Druze?section=_Religious_symbol_{{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}}_| Religious symbol {{safesubst:#invoke:anchor|main}} ]]   Prayer houses and holy places    \u02bbUqq\u0101l and Juhh\u0101l    Culture    Origins    See also    Notes    References    Further reading    External links   

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