::Double bass


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The double bass is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra. It is a transposing instrument and is typically notated one octave higher than sounding to avoid excessive ledger lines. The double bass is the only modern bowed string instrument that is tuned in fourths (like a viol), rather than fifths, with strings usually tuned to E1, A1, D2 and G2. The instrument's exact lineage is still a matter of some debate, with scholars divided on whether the bass is derived from the viol or the violin family.

The double bass is a standard member of the orchestra's string section,<ref name="guide">The Orchestra: A User's Manual, Andrew Hugill with the Philharmonia Orchestra</ref> as well as the concert band, and is featured in concertos, solo and chamber music<ref name="chamber">Chamber Music in the Vienna Double Bass Archive, (Alfred Planyavsky</ref> in Western classical music. The bass is used in a range of other genres, such as jazz, 1950s-style blues and rock and roll, rockabilly/psychobilly, traditional country music, bluegrass, tango and many types of folk music.

The double bass is played either with a bow (arco) or by plucking the strings (pizzicato). In orchestral repertoire and tango music, both arco and pizzicato are employed. In jazz, blues, and rockabilly, pizzicato is the norm. While classical music uses just the natural sound produced acoustically by the instrument, in jazz, blues, and related genres, the bass is typically amplified with a bass amplifier.

Double bass sections
Intro  Description  Playing style  History  Terminology  Design  Pitch  Tuning  Playing and performance considerations  Classical repertoire  Use in jazz  Use in popular music  Modern playing styles  Double bassists  Pedagogy and training  Careers  See also  References  External links  

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