::Distinction of blue and green in various languages


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The notion of "green" in modern European languages corresponds to about 520–570 nm, but many historical and non-European languages make other choices, e.g. using a term for the range of ca. 450–530 nm ("blue/green") and another for ca. 530–590 nm ("green/yellow").

Many languages do not distinguish between what in English are described as "blue" and "green", respectively. They instead use a cover term spanning both. When the issue is discussed in linguistics, this cover term is sometimes called grue in English.

The exact definition of "blue" and "green" may be complicated by the speakers not primarily distinguishing the hue, but using terms that describe other color components such as saturation and luminosity, or other properties of the object being described. For example, "blue" and "green" might be distinguished, but a single term might be used for both if the color is dark. Furthermore, green might be associated with yellow, and blue with black or gray.

According to Brent Berlin and Paul Kay's 1969 study Basic Color Terms: Their Universality and Evolution, distinct terms for brown, purple, pink, orange and grey will not emerge in a language until the language has made a distinction between green and blue. In their account of the development of color terms the first terms to emerge are those for white/black (or light/dark), red and green/yellow.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Distinction of blue and green in various languages sections
Intro  [[Distinction_of_blue_and_green_in_various_languages?section=Afro-Asiatic|Afro-Asiatic]]  Indo-European  Basque  Uralic  Turkic   Dravidian   East Asian languages   Austronesian languages    Bantu   American languages   See also   Sources  References  

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