::Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate

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Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate
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ChemSpider
MeSH 3,3-dimethylallyl+pyrophosphate
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Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (or alternatively, -diphosphate) (DMAPP) is an intermediate product of both mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway and DOXP/MEP pathway. It is an isomer of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) and exists in virtually all life forms. The enzyme isopentenyl pyrophosphate isomerase catalyzes the isomerization of DMAPP from IPP.

Precursor of DMAPP in the MVA pathway is mevalonic acid, and 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-e-P in the MEP/DOXP pathway.

At present, it is believed that there is crossover between the two pathways in organisms that use both pathways to create terpenes and terpenoids, such as in plants, and that DMAPP is the crossover product.

Simplified version of the steroid synthesis pathway with the intermediates isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP), geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP) and squalene shown. Some intermediates are omitted.

Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate sections
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Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate
colspan=2 style="background:#f8eaba; text-align:center;" Names
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ChemSpider
MeSH 3,3-dimethylallyl+pyrophosphate
{{safesubst:#invoke:collapsible list|main}}
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 YesY verify (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references
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Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (or alternatively, -diphosphate) (DMAPP) is an intermediate product of both mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway and DOXP/MEP pathway. It is an isomer of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) and exists in virtually all life forms. The enzyme isopentenyl pyrophosphate isomerase catalyzes the isomerization of DMAPP from IPP.

Precursor of DMAPP in the MVA pathway is mevalonic acid, and 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-e-P in the MEP/DOXP pathway.

At present, it is believed that there is crossover between the two pathways in organisms that use both pathways to create terpenes and terpenoids, such as in plants, and that DMAPP is the crossover product.

Simplified version of the steroid synthesis pathway with the intermediates isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP), geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP) and squalene shown. Some intermediates are omitted.

Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate sections
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