Devereux is a surname found throughout the French-speaking world and in many other countries. It is of Norman origin, meaning d'Évreux or "from Évreux", a town in Normandy, France. The name is also found in Wexford, where the Normans first landed in Ireland from Pembrokeshire in Wales.
The similar name Devereaux is an alternate spelling of the surname resulting from the various ways of pronouncing it - the placename is pronounced "Ev-rer" (without pronouncing the final "r") and the surname may be pronounced Dever-o, Dever-oo, Dever-ooks, Dev-erah, Dev-rah, Dev-ruh, Dev-rix (Wexford), or Devereux. It may refer to:
- George Devereux (1908-1985), Austro-Hungarian ethnologist and psychoanalyst (born in Lugoj, nowadays part of Romania)
- Helena Devereux (1885-1975), American educator and founder of the Devereux Foundation
- James Devereux (1903-1988), U.S. Marine Corps General and politician
- John Devereux (disambiguation)
- Nicholas Devereux (1791-1855), Irish-American banker, trustee, and western New York landowner
- Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (1566-1601), military hero and royal favourite, executed for treason
- Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex (1591-1646), son of Robert Devereux, courtier and soldier
- Sean Devereux (1964-1993), English-born educator known for his support of food aid in Liberia and opposition to child soldier conscription, and activist in Somalia. Murdered by Somali warlords in 1993.
- Walter Devereux (disambiguation) is a name shared by several members of the same family including the 1st Viscount Hereford (c1490-1558) and the 1st Earl of Essex (1541-1576)
- Blanche Devereaux a fictional character in the sitcom The Golden Girls, portrayed by Rue McClanahan.
- General Ricardo Wall y Devereux, Spanish General and Prime Minister of the 18th-century.
- The Devereux Foundation, U.S. non-profit organization founded by Helena Devereux
- Devereux Glenholme School, Connecticut
- Devereux (Herefordshire), lost village in the United Kingdom
- St Devereux (Herefordshire), church and parish 6 miles south of Hereford, originally dedicated to the Welsh Saint Dyfrig, Bishop of Ergyng
- Roberto Devereux, tragic opera by Gaetano Donizetti, loosely based on Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
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