::Demographics of Estonia


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The demographics of Estonia in the twenty-first century result from historical trends over more than a thousand years, as with most European countries, but have been disproportionately influenced by events in the last half of the twentieth century. The rise and fall of the Soviet Union, including the annexation and eventual independence of Estonia, has had a major effect on Estonia's ethnic makeup and educational achievement.

Languages spoken in Estonia largely reflect the ethnic groups composing the country, and thus have changed with historical trends affecting the ethnic makeup of the country. Religion plays a small part in the lives of most Estonians, largely as a result of the Soviet occupation from 1944–1991.

Overall, the quality-of-life indices for Estonia indicate a modern industrial state, with one major exception: the population of Estonia is shrinking. While other European countries, like Estonia, have a birthrate at less than replacement levels, Estonia lacks the immigration found, for example, in Germany. As such, the population is on a slow downward trend, except for a brief pause in 2010.<ref name="Population by sex and age group, 1 January"/>

Demographics of Estonia Estonia
Indicator Rank Measure
Population 156th 1,313,271
GDP (PPP) per capita 41st $27,994
GDP 103rd $25.953 million
Unemployment rate ↓ 67th 5.9%
CO2 emissions 22nd 11.9 t
Electricity consumption 97th 7.4 TWh
Economic freedom 13th 75.3
Human Development Index 33rd 0.840
Political freedom 1st (equal)* 1
Press freedom 11th 9.63
Literacy Rate 11th 99.8%
Broadband uptake 78th 25.7%
Beer consumption 4th<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation CitationClass=web


102.4 L
Life Expectancy 59th 76.1
Birth rate 185th 10.38
Fertility rate 197th 1.46††
Infant mortality 27th 4.68‡‡
Death rate 206th 13.65
Suicide Rate 25th ♂ 14.8†‡
♀ 4.5†‡
HIV/AIDS rate 130th 1.3%

{{#invoke:Historical populations|poptable}}

Demographics of Estonia sections
Intro   Historical ties    Population    Ethnic groups    Languages    Religion    Vital statistics    See also    References   

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