::Demographics of Estonia
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The demographics of Estonia in the twenty-first century result from historical trends over more than a thousand years, as with most European countries, but have been disproportionately influenced by events in the last half of the twentieth century. The rise and fall of the Soviet Union, including the annexation and eventual independence of Estonia, has had a major effect on Estonia's ethnic makeup and educational achievement.
Languages spoken in Estonia largely reflect the ethnic groups composing the country, and thus have changed with historical trends affecting the ethnic makeup of the country. Religion plays a small part in the lives of most Estonians, largely as a result of the Soviet occupation from 1944–1991.
Overall, the quality-of-life indices for Estonia indicate a modern industrial state, with one major exception: the population of Estonia is shrinking. While other European countries, like Estonia, have a birthrate at less than replacement levels, Estonia lacks the immigration found, for example, in Germany. As such, the population is on a slow downward trend, except for a brief pause in 2010.<ref name="Population by sex and age group, 1 January"/>
|Demographics of Estonia|
|GDP (PPP) per capita||41st||$27,994|
|Unemployment rate||↓ 67th||5.9%|
|CO2 emissions||22nd||11.9 t†|
|Electricity consumption||97th||7.4 TWh|
|Human Development Index||33rd||0.840|
|Political freedom||1st (equal)*||1|
|Suicide Rate||25th|| ♂ 14.8†‡|
Demographics of Estonia sections
Intro Historical ties Population Ethnic groups Languages Religion Vital statistics See also References
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