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Three women in the pillory, China, 1875

Criminology (from Latin crīmen{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, "accusation"; and Greek -λογία{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, -logia) is the scientific study of the nature, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and prevention of criminal behavior, both on the individual and social levels. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in both the behavioral and social sciences, drawing especially upon the research of sociologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, social anthropologists, as well as scholars of law.

The term criminology was coined in 1885 by Italian law professor Raffaele Garofalo as criminologia. Later, French anthropologist Paul Topinard used the analogous French term criminologie.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>


Criminology sections
Intro  Schools of thought  Types and definitions of crime  Subtopics   See also   References  [[Criminology?section=External</a>_links|External</a> links]]  

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