::Conservative Party (UK)


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{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use British English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}{{#invoke:Check for unknown parameters|check|unknown=|ignoreblank=y | colors| colorcode| native_name| name| native_name_lang| _subheader| logo| logo_upright| logo_alt| caption| lang1| name_lang1| lang2| name_lang2| lang3| name_lang3| lang4| name_lang4| abbr| abbreviation| leader| president| chairperson| chairman| general_secretary| first_secretary| secretary_general| secretary| presidium| spokesperson| founder| leader1_title| leader1_name| leader2_title| leader2_name| leader3_title| leader3_name| leader4_title| leader4_name| leader5_title| leader5_name| slogan| founded| foundation| legalised| legalized| dissolved| dissolution| merger| split| predecessor| merged| successor| headquarters| newspaper| think tank| think_tank| student_wing| youth_wing| wing1_title| wing1| wing2_title| wing2| wing3_title| wing3| membership_year| membership| ideology| position| religion| national| international| european| europarl| affiliation1_title| affiliation1| colours| anthem| blank1_title| blank1| blank2_title| blank2| blank3_title| blank3| blank4_title| blank4| seats1_title| seats1| seats2_title| seats2| seats3_title| seats3| seats4_title| seats4| seats5_title| seats5| seats6_title| seats6| seats7_title| seats7| seats8_title| seats8| seats9_title| seats9| seats10_title| seats10| seats11_title| seats11| symbol| flag| website| state| country| country_dab1| parties_dab1| elections_dab1| country2| country_dab2| parties_dab2| elections_dab2| footnotes}} The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> political party in the United Kingdom. It is the majority party in the House of Commons, having won 330 seats at the 2015 general election.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Between 2010-15, it was the largest single party with 303 Members of Parliament and governed in coalition with the Liberal Democrats. It is the largest party in local government with 8,296 councillors.<ref name="Keith Edkins" />

The Conservative Party was founded in 1834 from the Tory Party—giving rise to the Conservatives' colloquial name of Tories—and was one of two dominant parties in the 19th century, along with the Liberal Party. In the 1920s, the Liberal vote greatly diminished and the Labour Party became the Conservatives' main rivals. Conservative Prime Ministers led governments for 57 years of the 20th century, including Winston Churchill (1940–45, 1951–55) and Margaret Thatcher (1979–90). Thatcher's tenure led to wide-ranging economic liberalisation and saw the Conservatives become the most eurosceptic of the three major parties.

The Conservatives are the joint-second largest British party in the European Parliament, with twenty MEPs,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and sit with the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) parliamentary group. The party is a member of the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists (AECR) Europarty and the International Democrat Union (IDU).

The party is the third-largest in the Scottish Parliament and second-largest in the Welsh Assembly. The Conservatives were formerly allied to the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in Northern Ireland but there is now a separate Northern Ireland Conservative party similar to the Welsh and Scottish Conservative parties.<ref>Walker, Stephen (14 June 2012). "Can rebranded Northern Ireland Conservatives deliver?". BBC News. Retrieved 17 July 2013.</ref>

Conservative Party (UK) sections
Intro  History  Policies  Organisation  Party factions  Electoral performance  Associated groups  See also  References  Bibliography and further reading  External links  

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