::Colony of Natal

::concepts

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{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use South African English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=More footnotes |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }} {{#invoke:Side box|main}}

="3" style="vertical-align:middle; text-align:center; font-size:115%;"British colony ="3" style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; font-size:95%;" Anthem
God Save the Queen ="3" style="text-align:center; font-size:95%; padding:0.6em 0em 0.6em 0em;"


="2" Capital ="width:50%;" Pietermaritzburg


="2" Languages Afrikaans, English, Zulu

="2" Religion Anglican, Dutch Reformed, Hindu, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic

="2" Queen ||style="vertical-align:bottom;" Victoria - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" ="2" Special Commissioner - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1843|| Henry Cloete - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Annexed Zululand ="vertical-align: bottom;"1897 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Natal Province est. ="vertical-align: bottom;"31 May 1910 ="3" Area - class="mergedbottomrow" style="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1904<ref name=britcensus>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation ="3" Population ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1904<ref name=britcensus>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation ="2" Today part of
Colony of Natal

 

1843–1910

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Government Constitutional monarchy
Historical era Scramble for Africa
 •  Established 4 May 1843
 •  Disestablished 1910
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     91,610 km² (35,371 sq mi)
  - class="mergedbottomrow"
  
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  1,108,754 
 - class="mergedbottomrow"
 ="2" {{#invoke:String|rep| |5}}Density
   ="white-space:nowrap;" 12.1 /km²  (31.3 /sq mi)

The Colony of Natal was a British colony in south-eastern Africa. It was proclaimed a British colony on 4 May 1843 after the British government had annexed the Boer Republic of Natalia, and on 31 May 1910 combined with three other colonies to form the Union of South Africa, as one of its provinces. It is now the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa. The Indians who were brought to this country from India called it 'Netaal Tapu' (island of Netal).

It was originally only about half the size of the present province, with the north-eastern boundaries being formed by the Tugela and Buffalo rivers beyond which lay the independent Kingdom of Zululand (KwaZulu in Zulu). The present province was also enlarged by the addition of Griqualand East to the south.

Fierce conflict with the Zulu population led to the evacuation of Durban, and eventually the Boers accepted British annexation in 1844 under military pressure. A British governor was appointed to the region and many settlers emigrated from Europe and the Cape Colony. The British established a sugar cane industry in the 1860s. Farm owners had a difficult time attracting Zulu labourers to work on their plantations, so the British brought thousands of indentured labourers from India. As a result of the importation of Indian labourers, Durban became the home to the largest concentration of Indians outside of India.


Colony of Natal sections
Intro  British Annexation  Sugar and Indian Labourers  Port of Durban  Governors of the Colony of Natal (1843\u20131910)  Prime Ministers of the Colony of Natal (1893\u20131910)  Natal Province  KwaZulu-Natal  References  

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