::Cognitivism (psychology)


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}} In psychology, cognitivism is a theoretical framework for understanding the mind that gained credence in the 1950s. The movement was a response to behaviorism, which cognitivists said neglected to explain cognition. Cognitive psychology derived its name from the Latin cognoscere, referring to knowing and information, thus cognitive psychology is an information-processing psychology derived in part from earlier traditions of the investigation of thought and problem solving.<ref>Mandler, G. (2002). Origins of the cognitive (r)evolution. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 38, 339-353</ref><ref name=Lilien-1> {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }} </ref>

Behaviorists acknowledged the existence of thinking, but identified it as a behavior. Cognitivists argued that the way people think impacts their behavior and therefore cannot be a behavior in and of itself. Cognitivists later argued that thinking is so essential to psychology that the study of thinking should become its own field.<ref name=Lilien-1 /> However, cognitivists typically presuppose a specific form of mental activity, of the kind advanced by computationalism.

Cognitivism (psychology) sections
Intro   Definition of cognitivism   Theoretical approach  Criticisms of psychological cognitivism  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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