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In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin. This learned term derives from the Latin cognatus (blood relative).<ref>"cognate", The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed.: "Latin cognātus: co-, co- + gnātus, born, past participle of nāscī, to be born." Other definitions of the English word include "[r]elated by blood; having a common ancestor" and "[r]elated or analogous in nature, character, or function". Ibid.</ref> In linguistic research it is generally understood as excluding doublets and loan words, although broader definitions are used in other areas such as language teaching.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Cognate sections
Intro  Characteristics of cognate words  Across languages  Within the same language  False cognates  See also  References  External links  

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