Information for "Chicago "L""

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Display titleChicago "L"
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The Chicago "L" (short for "elevated")<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> is the rapid transit system serving the city of Chicago and some of its surrounding suburbs in the U.S. state of Illinois. It is operated by the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA). It is the fourth largest rapid transit system in the United States in terms of total route length (at {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} long<ref name="CTA facts" /><ref group="note" name="length" />), and the third busiest rail mass transit system in the United States after the New York City Subway and Washington Metro.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Chicago's "L" provides 24-hour service on some portions of its network, being one of only four rapid transit systems in the United States (the "L", New York City Subway, PATH, and Philadelphia's PATCO Speedline) to do so. The oldest sections of the "L" started operations in 1892, making it the third-oldest rapid transit system in the Americas, after Boston's "T" <ref name="milestones">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and the elevated lines in New York City. The "L" has been credited with fostering the growth of Chicago's dense city core that is one of the city's distinguishing features.<ref name="cudahy">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The "L" consists of eight rapid transit lines laid out in a spoke-hub distribution paradigm mainly focusing transit towards the Loop. Although the "L" gained its name because large parts of the system are elevated,<ref name="chicago-l">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="chs">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> portions of the network are also in subway tunnels, at grade level, or open cut.<ref name="CTA facts">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

In 2013, the "L" had an average of 726,459 passenger boardings each weekday, 456,993 each Saturday, and 328,553 each Sunday.<ref name="2013 ridership" /> In a 2005 poll, Chicago Tribune readers voted it one of the "seven wonders of Chicago,"<ref name="leroux">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> behind the lakefront and Wrigley Field but ahead of Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower), the Water Tower, the University of Chicago, and the Museum of Science and Industry.

Chicago "L" sections
Intro  History  Renovation and expansion plans  Lines  Rolling stock  Nickname  Security and safety  In popular culture  See also  Notes  References   Further reading   External links  

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Page creator207.229.155.94 (Talk)
Date of page creation22:37, 30 October 2015
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