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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}{{#invoke:Check for unknown parameters|check|unknown=|ignoreblank=y | name | official_name | native_name | native_name_lang | other_name | settlement_type | type | translit_lang1 | translit_lang1_type1 | translit_lang1_type | translit_lang1_info | translit_lang1_type2 | translit_lang1_info1 | translit_lang1_type3 | translit_lang1_info2 | translit_lang1_type4 | translit_lang1_info3 | translit_lang1_type5 | translit_lang1_info4 | translit_lang1_type6 | translit_lang1_info5 | translit_lang1_info6 | translit_lang2 | translit_lang2_type1 | translit_lang2_type | translit_lang2_info | translit_lang2_type2 | translit_lang2_info1 | translit_lang2_type3 | translit_lang2_info2 | translit_lang2_type4 | translit_lang2_info3 | translit_lang2_type5 | translit_lang2_info4 | translit_lang2_type6 | translit_lang2_info5 | translit_lang2_info6 | image_skyline | image | imagesize | image_alt | image_caption | image_flag | image_seal | image_shield | 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| leader_name3 | leader_name4 | government_footnotes | leader_title | leader_party | leader_title1 | leader_title2 | leader_title3 | leader_title4 | area_total_km2 | area_total_ha | area_total_acre | area_total_sq_mi | area_total_dunam | area_land_km2 | area_land_ha | area_land_acre | area_land_sq_mi | area_water_km2 | area_water_ha | area_water_acre | area_water_sq_mi | area_urban_km2 | area_urban_ha | area_urban_acre | area_urban_sq_mi | area_rural_sq_mi | area_rural_ha | area_rural_acre | area_rural_km2 | area_metro_km2 | area_metro_ha | area_metro_acre | area_blank1_km2 | area_blank1_ha | area_blank1_acre | area_metro_sq_mi | area_blank1_sq_mi | total_type | area_footnotes | dunam_link | unit_pref | area_magnitude | area_land_dunam | area_water_dunam | area_water_percent | area_urban_footnotes | area_urban_dunam | area_rural_footnotes | area_rural_dunam | area_metro_footnotes | area_metro_dunam | area_rank | area_blank1_title | area_blank1_dunam | area_blank2_title | 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population_density_metro_sq_mi | population_blank1_title | population_blank1_footnotes | population_density_blank1_km2 | population_density_blank1_sq_mi | population_blank2_title | population_blank2_footnotes | population_density_blank2_km2 | population_density_blank2_sq_mi | population_note | population_demonym | demographics_type1 | demographics1_footnotes | demographics1_title1 | demographics1_info1 | demographics1_title2 | demographics1_info2 | demographics1_title3 | demographics1_info3 | demographics1_title4 | demographics1_info4 | demographics1_title5 | demographics1_info5 | demographics1_title6 | demographics1_info6 | demographics1_title7 | demographics1_info7 | demographics_type2 | demographics2_footnotes | demographics2_title1 | demographics2_info1 | demographics2_title2 | demographics2_info2 | demographics2_title3 | demographics2_info3 | demographics2_title4 | demographics2_info4 | demographics2_title5 | demographics2_info5 | demographics2_title6 | demographics2_info6 | demographics2_title7 | demographics2_info7 | timezone2 | timezone | timezone1 | utc_offset | utc_offset1 | utc_offset2 | timezone1_DST | timezone_DST | utc_offset1_DST | utc_offset_DST | timezone2_DST | utc_offset2_DST | postal_code_type | postal_code | postal2_code_type | postal2_code | area_code_type | area_code | geocode | iso_code | registration_plate | blank_name | blank_name_sec1 | blank_info | blank_info_sec1 | blank1_name | blank1_name_sec1 | blank1_info | blank1_info_sec1 | blank2_name | blank2_name_sec1 | blank2_info | blank2_info_sec1 | blank3_name | blank3_name_sec1 | blank3_info | blank3_info_sec1 | blank4_name | blank4_name_sec1 | blank4_info | blank4_info_sec1 | blank5_name | blank5_name_sec1 | blank5_info | blank5_info_sec1 | blank6_name | blank6_name_sec1 | blank6_info | blank6_info_sec1 | blank7_name | blank7_name_sec1 | blank7_info | blank7_info_sec1 | blank_name_sec2 | blank_info_sec2 | blank1_name_sec2 | blank1_info_sec2 | blank2_name_sec2 | blank2_info_sec2 | blank3_name_sec2 | blank3_info_sec2 | blank4_name_sec2 | blank4_info_sec2 | blank5_name_sec2 | blank5_info_sec2 | blank6_name_sec2 | blank6_info_sec2 | blank7_name_sec2 | blank7_info_sec2 | website | footnotes }} Chicago ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}) is the third most populous city in the United States. With over 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in the state of Illinois and the Midwest. The Chicago metropolitan area, often referred to as Chicagoland, is home to nearly 10 million people and is the third-largest in the U.S.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Chicago is the seat of Cook County.Unknown extension tag "ref"

Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837, near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed, and experienced rapid growth in the mid-nineteenth century.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Today, the city is an international hub for finance, commerce, industry, technology, telecommunications, and transportation, with O'Hare International Airport being the busiest airport in the world; it also has the largest number of U.S. highways and railroad freight.<ref name="arodriguez">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and ranks seventh in the world in the 2014 Global Cities Index.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> As of 2014, Chicago had the third largest gross metropolitan product in the United States at US$610.5 billion.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> As of 2015, Chicago is the 7th most expensive city and has the 10th highest wages in the world according to a report released by global financial services company UBS.<ref name="Expensive">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

In 2014, Chicago hosted a record of 50.2 million international and domestic visitors.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Chicago's culture includes contributions to the visual arts, novels, film, theater, especially improvisational comedy, and music, particularly jazz, blues, soul, gospel<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> and house music. The city has many nicknames, which reflect the impressions and opinions about historical and contemporary Chicago. The best-known include the "Windy City" and the "Second City".<ref name="Liebling's Second City">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues.

Chicago is home to the prestigious University of Chicago, which includes many prominent alumni. 89 Nobel laureates<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> have been affiliated with the university as visiting professors, students, faculty, or staff, the fourth most of any institution in the world. In addition, Chicago's alumni include 49 Rhodes Scholars,<ref name=RS>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> 9 Fields Medalists,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> 13 National Humanities Medalists,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> 13 billionaire graduates, and a plethora of members of the United States Congress and heads of state of countries all over the world.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>


Chicago sections
Intro  History  Geography  Demographics  Economy  Culture and contemporary life  Sports  Parks  Law and government  Education  Media  Infrastructure  Notable people  Sister cities  See also  Notes and references  Bibliography  External links  

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