::Charles Hugh Smiley

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Charles Hugh Smiley (September 6, 1903-July 26, 1977) was an American astronomer and academic, and the author of column on astronomy, “Planets and Stars” (Providence Journal, 1938-1957).<ref name="brown">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The main belt asteroid 1613 Smiley is named after him. He was considered “one of the world’s leading authorities on eclipses.”<ref name=Kelley>“D.H. Kelley, “Charles Hugh Smiley, 1903-1977,” Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Vol. 72, p.46.</ref>

Born in Camden, Missouri, he attended UCLA and UC Berkeley, where he earned a mathematics degree.<ref name="brown"/> He received an MA in mathematics from Berkeley (1925) and a PhD from the same university (1927).<ref name="brown"/> He taught mathematics at the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign (1927-9) and worked at the Royal Greenwich Observatory as a Guggenheim Fellow (1929–30).<ref name="brown"/><ref name="guggenheim">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> He worked as a professor of mathematics at Brown University from 1930 onwards.<ref name="brown"/> He directed the Ladd Observatory and served as chairman of the Department of Astronomy.<ref name="brown"/>

Smiley led expeditions to South America, Canada, Asia, and the US to study solar eclipses, and conducted several expeditions between 1947 and 1952 to study “atmospheric refraction at low angular altitudes.” <ref name="brown"/> He also studied the Mayan calendar, and “was able to date the Mayan Codices of Dresden, Paris, and Madrid from astronomical dates which they contained.”<ref name="brown"/>

When 1570 Brunonia was discovered on October 9, 1948 by Sylvain Julien Victor Arend at the Royal Observatory of Belgium in Uccle, Belgium, Arend wrote to Smiley:
This planet is named in honor of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. ... Its astronomical history dates back to the transit of Venus in 1769, observed by Prof. Benjamin West. Two local streets are named Planet and Transit. The naming of the planet is also a tribute to the international reputation of Dr. Smiley.<ref></ref>

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