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A chamber of commerce (or board of trade) is a form of business network, for example, a local organization of businesses whose goal is to further the interests of businesses. Business owners in towns and cities form these local societies to advocate on behalf of the business community. Local businesses are members, and they elect a board of directors or executive council to set policy for the chamber. The board or council then hires a President, CEO or Executive Director, plus staffing appropriate to size, to run the organization.

The first chamber of commerce was founded in 1599 in Marseille, France.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>André-Pierre Nouvion, Origine et histoire des juridictions consulaires et des Chambres de Commerce et d'Industrie Françaises, 2002</ref> Another official chamber of commerce would follow 65 years later, probably in Bruges, then part of the Spanish Netherlands.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The world's oldest English-speaking chamber of commerce, in New York City, dates from 1768.<ref name="Bishop1918">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The oldest known existing chamber in the English-speaking world with continuous records, the Glasgow Chamber of Commerce,<ref>[1] Archived 5 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine</ref> was founded in 1783. However, Hull Chamber of Commerce<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> is the UK's oldest, followed by those of Leeds and of Belfast in Northern Ireland.{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}

As a non-governmental institution, a chamber of commerce has no direct role in the writing and passage of laws and regulations that affect businesses. It may however, lobby in an attempt to get laws passed that are favorable to businesses. They also work closely with a number of other youth organizations in the country about the value and role of business in our society today.<ref>American Business BSA Merit Badge Guide, 22 Jun 2015.</ref>


Chamber of commerce sections
Intro  Characteristics  Chamber models  Surveys  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Characteristics
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A chamber of commerce (or board of trade) is a form of business network, for example, a local organization of businesses whose goal is to further the interests of businesses. Business owners in towns and cities form these local societies to advocate on behalf of the business community. Local businesses are members, and they elect a board of directors or executive council to set policy for the chamber. The board or council then hires a President, CEO or Executive Director, plus staffing appropriate to size, to run the organization.

The first chamber of commerce was founded in 1599 in Marseille, France.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>André-Pierre Nouvion, Origine et histoire des juridictions consulaires et des Chambres de Commerce et d'Industrie Françaises, 2002</ref> Another official chamber of commerce would follow 65 years later, probably in Bruges, then part of the Spanish Netherlands.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The world's oldest English-speaking chamber of commerce, in New York City, dates from 1768.<ref name="Bishop1918">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The oldest known existing chamber in the English-speaking world with continuous records, the Glasgow Chamber of Commerce,<ref>[1] Archived 5 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine</ref> was founded in 1783. However, Hull Chamber of Commerce<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> is the UK's oldest, followed by those of Leeds and of Belfast in Northern Ireland.{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}

As a non-governmental institution, a chamber of commerce has no direct role in the writing and passage of laws and regulations that affect businesses. It may however, lobby in an attempt to get laws passed that are favorable to businesses. They also work closely with a number of other youth organizations in the country about the value and role of business in our society today.<ref>American Business BSA Merit Badge Guide, 22 Jun 2015.</ref>


Chamber of commerce sections
Intro  Characteristics  Chamber models  Surveys  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Characteristics
<<>>