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="3" class="fn org summary" style="text-align:center; line-height:1.2em; font-size:115%; font-weight:bold;" Цагаадайн Хаант Улс
Tsagadain Khaant Uls ="3" style="vertical-align:middle; text-align:center; font-size:115%;"Nomadic empire
Division of the Mongol Empire ="3" style="text-align:center; font-size:95%; padding:0.6em 0em 0.6em 0em;"
The Chagatai Khanate (green), c. 1300.


="2" Capital ="width:50%;" Almaliq, Qarshi


="2" Languages Middle Mongolian

="2" Religion Shamanism
Buddhism
Tengrism
Christianity (minority) later Naqshbandi Sunni Islam

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="2" Today part of

  








Chagatai Khanate

1225 – 1340s (Whole)
1340s – 1370 (Western)

1340s–1680s (Eastern)

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Flag of Chagatai Khanate

Government Semi-elective monarchy, later hereditary monarchy
Historical era Late Middle Ages
 •  Chagatai Khan inherited part of Mongol Empire 1225
 •  End of the eastern empire. 1680s
CitationClass=journal

}}</ref><ref>Rein Taagepera (September 1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly 41 (3): 475–504.</ref>

     3,500,000 km² (1,351,358 sq mi)
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{{#invoke:Navbox|navbox}} The Chagatai Khanate (Mongolian: Tsagadain Khaant Uls/Цагаадайн Хаант Улс) was a khanate that comprised the lands ruled by Chagatai Khan,<ref>Alternative spellings of Chagatai include Chagata, Chugta, Chagta, Djagatai, Jagatai, Chaghtai etc.</ref> second son of Genghis Khan, and his descendents and successors. Initially it was a part of the Mongol Empire, it became a functionally separate khanate with the fragmentation of the Mongol Empire after 1259. The Chagatai Khanate recognized the nominal supremacy of the Yuan dynasty in 1304,<ref>Dai Matsui - A Mongolian Decree from the Chaghataid Khanate Discovered at Dunhuang. Aspects of Research into Central Asian Buddhism, 2008, pp. 159-178</ref> but the khanate became split into two parts, the Western Chagatai Khanate and Moghulistan, in the mid-14th century.

At its height in the late 13th century, the Khanate extended from the Amu Darya south of the Aral Sea to the Altai Mountains in the border of modern-day Mongolia and China.<ref>See Barnes, Parekh and Hudson, p. 87; Barraclough, p. 127; Historical Maps on File, p. 2.27; and LACMA for differing versions of the boundaries of the khanate.</ref>

The khanate lasted in one form or another from 1220s until the late 17th century, although the western half of the khanate was lost to the Timur's empire by 1370. The eastern half remained under Chagatai khans, who were, at times, allied or at war with Timur's successors, the Timurid dynasty. Finally, in the 17th century, the remaining Chagatai domains fell under the theocratic regime of Afaq Khoja and his descendants, the Khojas, who ruled Xinjiang under Dzungar and Manchu overlordships consecutively.


Chagatai Khanate sections
Intro  Formation  The Chagatai Khanate after Chagatai  Fall  See also   Notes    References   External links  

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