::Caesarean section


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{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} A Caesarian section (often C-section, also other spellings) is a surgical procedure in which one or more incisions are made through a mother's abdomen and uterus to deliver one or more babies. A Caesarean section is often performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby's or mother's life or health at risk. Some are also performed upon request without a medical reason to do so.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> The World Health Organization recommends that they should only be done based on medical need.<ref name=WHO2015/>

C-sections result in a small overall increase in poor outcomes in low risk pregnancies.<ref name=ACOG2014/> The poor outcomes that occur with C-section differ from those that occur with vaginal delivery. Established guidelines recommend that caesarean sections not be used before 39 weeks without a medical indication to perform the surgery.<ref name="ACOGfive">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}, which cites

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In many countries, caesarean section procedures are used more frequently than is necessary, and consequently governments and health organizations promote programs to reduce the use of caesarean section in favor of using vaginal delivery. The international healthcare community has considered the rate of 10% and 15% to be ideal for caesarean sections since 1985.<ref name=WHO2015>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The countries which report overuse of this procedure are not finding ways to decrease use of the procedure as much as they would like. The first modern Caesarean section was performed by German gynecologist Ferdinand Adolf Kehrer in 1881.<ref name="Dadebo2012">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Caesarean section sections
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