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Brooklyn ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}) is the most populous of New York City's five boroughs, with a Census-estimated 2,621,793 people in 2014.<ref name=BrooklynQuickFacts/> It is geographically adjacent to the borough of Queens at the western end of Long Island. Since 1896, Brooklyn has had the same boundaries as Kings County, the most populous county in the State of New York and the second-most densely populated county in the United States, after New York County (Manhattan).<ref>"Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000", United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2007.</ref> With a land area of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} and water area of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}, Kings County is the fourth-smallest county in New York State by land area and third-smallest by total area, though it is the second-largest among New York City's five boroughs.<ref name="GR1">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Today, if it were an independent city, Brooklyn would rank as the fourth most populous city in the U.S., behind only the other boroughs of New York City combined, Los Angeles, and Chicago.

Brooklyn was an independent incorporated city (and previously an authorized village and town within the provisions of the New York State Constitution), until January 1, 1898, when, after a long political campaign and public relations battle during the 1890s, according to the new Municipal Charter of "Greater New York", Brooklyn was consolidated with the other cities, boroughs and counties to form the modern "City of New York" surrounding the Upper New York Bay with five constituent boroughs. It continues, however, to maintain a distinct culture, as befitting the former second or third largest city in America during the later 19th century. Many Brooklyn neighborhoods are ethnic enclaves where particular ethnic and nationality groups and cultures predominate. Brooklyn's official motto is Eendraght Maeckt Maght{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, which translates from early modern Dutch to "In unity, there is strength". The motto is displayed on the Borough seal and flag, which also feature a young robed woman bearing a bundle of bound rods known as a "fasces", a traditional emblem of Republicanism.<ref>Flags of the World, Brooklyn, New York (U.S.). Retrieved October 10, 2007.</ref> Brooklyn's official colors are blue and gold.<ref>Borough of Brooklyn.blue and gold.</ref> {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use mdy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

New York City's five boroughs
Jurisdiction Population Land area Density
Borough County Estimate
(2014)
square
miles
square
km
persons /
sq. mi
persons /
sq. km
New York
1,636,268 23 59 71,672 27,673
Bronx
1,438,159 42 109 34,242 13,221
Brooklyn
Kings
2,621,793 71 183 36,732 14,182
Queens
2,321,580 109 283 21,333 8,237
Richmond
473,279 58 151 8,160 3,151
8,491,079 303 786 27,858 10,756
19,746,227 47,214 122,284 416 159
Sources: see individual articles

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Brooklyn sections
Intro   History    Government and politics    Economy    Demographics    Neighborhoods    Culture    Parks and other attractions    Transportation    Education    Brooklyn Public Library    Partnerships with districts of foreign cities    Hospitals and healthcare    See also    References   Further reading   External links   

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