Development and design::British Rail Class 43 (HST)


Power::class    British::convert    Engines::paxman    Western::railway    Title::coast    Engine::service

Development and design The prototype set was developed at the Railway Technical Centre, Derby, the power cars having been constructed by BREL Crewe Works and the British Rail Mark 3 passenger cars by BREL at Derby Litchurch Lane Works. The engine used in the prototype power cars was the Paxman 'Valenta' 12RP200L, which developed {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}. The electrical equipment was supplied by Brush. The power cars had a main driver's position at one aerodynamically shaped end with the other flat and gangwayed end having only an auxiliary driving position for shunting purposes.

The two prototype power cars emerged from the works in June and August 1972 and were initially numbered 41001 and 41002, but after a short period the entire set, including the passenger coaches, became reclassified as a diesel-electric multiple unit: British Rail Class 252. The power cars were given the coaching stock numbers 43000 and 43001. After proving trials on the Eastern Region the prototype High Speed Diesel Train (HSDT) was transferred to the Western Region, where it was deployed on Paddington Bristol/Weston-super-Mare services.

The design was successful and led to production orders being placed for similar trains for the Western, Eastern, Scottish and London Midland Regions. The production power cars featured a redesigned front end without conventional buffers, although a rigid drawbar can be used to connect an HST to an ordinary locomotive. Following the introduction of production HST sets, the prototype unit was withdrawn, the power cars passing to the Research Division at Derby. Of the ten prototype coaches, two were adapted for use in the Royal Train,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> five were modified for use with the production HSTs,<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> and three were transferred to Departmental stock.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

The 197 power cars produced are numbered 43002-43198. 43001 was applied to the second of the two prototype power cars, while the first of the pair (now preserved at York) became 43000, which is unusual because BR TOPS classification numbered its locomotives from 001 upwards (this was because it was not, at the time, classified as a locomotive).

British Rail Class 43 (HST) sections
Intro  History and background  Development and design  Buffered units  Engines  Life extension  Prototype  Operations  Replacement  See also  References  External links  

Development and design
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