::Botryococcus braunii


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Botryococcus braunii (Bb) is a green, pyramid shaped planktonic microalga that is of potentially great importance in the field of biotechnology. Colonies held together by a lipid biofilm matrix can be found in temperate or tropical oligotrophic lakes and estuaries, and will bloom when in the presence of elevated levels of dissolved inorganic phosphorus. The species is notable for its ability to produce high amounts of hydrocarbons, especially oils in the form of Triterpenes, that are typically around 30-40 percent of their dry weight.<ref name="Metzger">{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> Compared to other green algae species it has a relatively thick cell wall that is accumulated from previous cellular divisions; making extraction of cytoplasmic components rather difficult. Fortunately, much of the useful hydrocarbon oil is outside of the cell.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>

Botryococcus braunii sections
Intro  Optimal growth environment  Toxic blooms and competition  Biofuel applications of Botryococcus oils  Oils  Research  Potentially useful strains  See also  References  External links  

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