William Dudley Haywood (February 4, 1869 – May 18, 1928), better known as "Big Bill" Haywood, was a founding member and leader of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) and a member of the executive committee of the Socialist Party of America. During the first two decades of the 20th century, he was involved in several important labor battles, including the Colorado Labor Wars, the Lawrence Textile Strike, and other textile strikes in Massachusetts and New Jersey.
Haywood was an advocate of industrial unionism,<ref name=pbs>"New Perspectives on the West – William "Big Bill" Haywood," PBS Interactive, 2001. Retrieved March 20, 2006.</ref> a labor philosophy that favors organizing all workers in an industry under one union, regardless of the specific trade or skill level; this was in contrast to the craft unions that were prevalent at the time, such as the AFL.<ref name=cahn-137-169>William Cahn, A Pictorial History of American Labor. New York: Crown Publishers, 1972; pp. 137, 169.</ref> His belief that workers of all ethnicities should be united also clashed with many unions.<ref name=zinn-337-339>Howard Zinn, A People's History of the United States. Revised and Updated. New York: HarperCollins, 2009; pp. 337–339.</ref> His strong preference for direct action over political tactics alienated him from the Socialist Party and contributed to his dismissal in 1912.<ref name=dolgoff>Sam Dolgoff, "Revolutionary Tendencies in American Labor – Part 2," The American Labor Movement: A New Beginning. Resurgence.</ref>
Never one to shy from violent conflicts,<ref name=dolgoff /> Haywood was frequently the target of prosecutors. His trial for the murder of Frank Steunenberg in 1907 (of which he was acquitted) drew national attention; in 1918, he was one of 101 IWW members convicted of violating the Espionage Act of 1917 during the First Red Scare. While out of prison during an appeal of his conviction, Haywood fled to Russia, where he spent the remaining years of his life.<ref name=speak/>
Bill Haywood sections
Intro Biography Haywood's labor philosophy Works See also Footnotes Further reading External links
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