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Kingdom of Bhutan
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Flag Emblem
Anthem: Druk tsendhen
The Thunder Dragon Kingdom
and largest city

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Official languages Dzongkha
Religion Vajrayana Buddhism
Demonym Bhutanese
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
 -  Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house National Council
 -  Lower house National Assembly
Formation Early 17th century
 -  House of Wangchuck 17 December 1907 
 -  Indo-Bhutan Treaty 8 August 1949 
 -  Constitutional monarchy 2007 
 -  Total 38,394 km2<ref name=FYP9/><ref name=official/> (136th)
14,824 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.1
 -  2012 estimate 742,737<ref name=clock>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> (165th)
 -  2005a census 634,982<ref name=census>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Density 18.0/km2 (196th)
46.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $5.855 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Per capita $7,641<ref name=imf2/> (114)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $2.092 billion<ref name=imf2/>
 -  Per capita $2,730 <ref name=imf2/> (130)
Gini (2012)38.7<ref name="wb-gini">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


HDI (2013)0.584<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


medium · 136th
Currency {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Time zone BTT (UTC+6)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+6)
Drives on the left
Calling code +975
ISO 3166 code BT
Internet TLD .bt
a. The population of Bhutan had been estimated based on the reported figure of about 1 million in the 1970s when the country had joined the United Nations and precise statistics were lacking.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref> Thus, using the annual increase rate of 2–3%, the most population estimates were around 2 million in the year 2000. A national census was carried out in 2005 and it turned out that the population was 672,425. Consequently, United Nations Population Division reduced its estimation of the country's population in the 2006 revision<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web

}}</ref> for the whole period from 1950 to 2050.

Bhutan ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Dzongkha འབྲུག་ཡུལ Dru Ü, ),<ref name=Driem478>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked country in South Asia at the eastern end of the Himalayas. It is bordered to the north by China and to the south, east and west by India. To the west, it is separated from Nepal by the Indian state of Sikkim, while farther south it is separated from Bangladesh by the Indian states of Assam and West Bengal. Bhutan's capital and largest city is Thimphu.

Bhutan existed as a patchwork of minor warring fiefs until the early 17th century. At that time the lama and military leader Ngawang Namgyal, the first Zhabdrung Rinpoche, who was fleeing religious persecution in Tibet, unified the area and cultivated a distinct Bhutanese identity. In the early 20th century, Bhutan came into contact with the British Empire and retained strong bilateral relations with India upon its independence. In 2006, based on a global survey, Business Week rated Bhutan the happiest country in Asia and the eighth-happiest in the world.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Bhutan's landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan heights in the north, where some peaks exceed {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}. Its total area was reported as approximately {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} in 1997<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} in 2002.<ref name=FYP9>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=official>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Bhutan's state religion is Vajrayana Buddhism and the population, as of 2015 estimated as 770 thousand people,<ref name=clock/> is predominantly Buddhist. Hinduism is the second-largest religion.<ref>"Bhutan." World Almanac & Book Of Facts (2008): 752–753. Academic Search Premier. Web. 8 December 2011.</ref>

In 2008, Bhutan made the transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy and held its first general election.<ref>Wolf, Siegfried, "Bhutan's Political Transition", ' ' Applied Political Science of South Asia' ', 2 July 2013</ref> As well as being a member of the United Nations, Bhutan is a member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and hosted SAARC's sixteenth summit in April 2010.

Bhutan sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Government and politics  Geography  Biodiversity  Economy   Transport   Demographics  Culture and society  Education  See also  Notes   References   Further reading  External links  

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